--Klondike Days began in Edmonton with the customary parade. $130,000 worth of Klondike dollars, good as legal tender in Edmonton for the duration of K-Days, were minted. Another parade took place in southern Alberta as Banff Indian Days began, in celebration of its 80th anniversary.
--In Honolulu, after declaring the abominable snowman to be a myth, Sir Edmund Hillary said, "Of course, after I tell you this, someone will find him next week."
--In Washington, D.C., Dr. Jerome Levin of the National Institute of Mental Health told the U.S. Senate Small Business Monopoly Subcommittee that 67% of all psychotropics (drugs having their principal effect on mood, thought processes, or behaviour) prescribed in the United States went to women, compared with 60% for regular drugs. "Stimulants (82%) and anti-depressants (74%) are overwhelmingly ‘female drugs,’" he said. Stimulants were used mostly "during young adulthood," largely to suppress the appetite and help fat girls lose weight.
"Use of minor tranquilizers and anti-depressants is greatest in the age range 40 to 59," Levin said. Their use was linked with "disorders with stress components such as cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders," plus insomnia.
--The New York Times printed the following on page 43 under the headline, "A Correction":
On January 13, 1920, "Topics of the Times," an editorial-page feature of the New York Times, dismissed the notion that a rocket could function in a vacuum and commented on the ideas of Robert H. Goddard, the rocket pioneer, as follows: "That Professor Goddard, with his ‘chair’ in Clark College and the countenancing of the Smithsonian Institution, does not know the relation of action to reaction, and of the need to have something better than a vacuum against which to react--to say that would be absurd. Of course, he only seems to lack the knowledge ladled out daily in high schools."
Further investigation and experimentation have confirmed the
findings of Isaac Newton in the 17th Century and it is now definitely established that a rocket can function in a vacuum as
well as in an atmosphere. The Times regrets the error.
--Big Ben stopped at 2:51 P.M. in London, England. A parliamentary servant rushed in to investigate, and found two plasterers working behind the clock’s face; they had jammed a scaffolding board against a balancing weight. The hands began moving again at 4 P.M.
Friday, July 18--Constable Leonard Shakespeare was shot to death as he attempted to prevent a robbery in St. Boniface, becoming the first Manitoba policeman to be murdered on duty in 19 years.
--A couple in Edmonton spent $140 at the Klondike Days midway in attempting to win a stuffed dog. They pitched nickels, dimes, and quarters, and tossed balls and fired corks from air guns in running up the staggering tab. The following day the cab driver to whom they recounted their tale commented, "They should have gone to The Bay."
--Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl and his crew arrived at Christiansted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, nearly two months after embarking from Morocco aboard the Ra, a boat made of papyrus reeds. The purpose of Heyerdahl’s voyage was to demonstrate the possibility that early Egyptians had travelled to South and Central America and influenced the development of the Inca and Aztec civilizations.
By the time the party arrived in Christiansted, the Ra was damaged to the extent that the crew decided to spend their nights on board the escort yacht Shenandoah. After initially deciding to terminate the voyage at Bridgetown, Barbados while spending the daytime hours aboard the Ra, Heyerdahl and his crew decided to abandon their craft. According to Heyerdahl, the fact that even a damaged papyrus boat could sail as far as it did, proved his voyage to be a success.
--Vatican sources said that St. Teresa of Avila had been confirmed as the first woman doctor (an ecclesiastical writer noted for learning and holiness) in the Roman Catholic Church.
Saturday, July 19--Police near Markham Township, Ont., used an air search in order to catch drag racers on Steele Ave., east of Highway 48. 18-year-old Michael Williamson of Agincourt and John Brokes, 20, of Scarborough, were charged with dangerous driving.
--University of Western Ontario student Kyra Ursula Haworth, 24, of Richmond Hill, Ont., was pulled to her death when she was snared by the cable of a sinking motorboat after a two-boat crash near Point Ideal, 20 miles south of Huntsville, Ont. Armour Garfield Maywood, 28, of Toronto, was taking Miss Haworth to her family’s cottage when they hit a boat driven by Ian Campbell of Willowdale. Mr. Maywood told police that he tried to hold her up, but she was snared by a cable from Mr. Campbell’s boat and pulled from his arms by the weight of Mr. Campbell’s sinking craft. Her body was recovered by provincial police scuba divers.
--Britisher John Fairfax paddled ashore at Hollywood Beach, Florida, becoming the first man to row across the Atlantic Ocean by himself. He had left the Canary Islands on January 20 aboard his 24-foot plywood boat Britannia, and rowed 4,000 miles in six months. Friends aboard a following yacht refused to take Fairfax in tow for the last few miles, instead urging him to keep going, prompting the unemployed, 31-year-old Fairfax to protest, "This is bloody stupid." When he hit the beach he scooped up a handful of white sand and said, "Here I am in America. What a beautiful land. Americans are wonderful." A spectator came up to him and said, "You’re a damned fool, you know." Fairfax replied, "That’s what the others have told me."
Fairfax’s girlfriend, 30-year-old Sylvia Marrett of London, had been on the yacht; when he landed, she ran out to greet him. They embraced in knee-deep water and then fell slowly backwards into the water. They later secluded themselves in a hotel room with a steak and a bottle of whiskey.
--At another beach in Florida, Miami Beach, 19-year-old Gloria Diaz of the Philippines was crowned Miss Universe. Miss Dominion of Canada, Jacquie Perrin of Ancaster, Ont., was not among the top 15 entrants.
Sunday, July 20--In Toronto, Jennifer Gail Tranquillity Palmer was born one minute after Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. Peter John Apollo Magno was born shortly after.
--An 11-year-old girl in Woodstock, Ont. tried to call the moon collect because "the President just did it." She was unsuccessful.
--Dan Rowan and Dick Martin, accompanied by a number of supporting players, arrived in Edmonton the night before beginning a three-day engagement at Klondike Days. Their agent had asked for king-size beds for both star comedians, but the Chateau Lacombe didn’t have any. "We just don’t get a call for beds this size nowadays," said hotel manager K.E. MacKell, but he ordered two bought. Asked if they wanted the big beds for comfort, Martin said, "No. Sometimes you get a lot of people in a bed." The hotel wasn’t worried. "We will keep the beds for honeymooners," Mr. MacKell said.
Monday, July 21--Two hours before Eagle lifted off from the moon, the Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna XV crashed on the moon, and went dead after four minutes of transmission back to earth, ending speculation that the spacecraft’s mission was to land, retrieve lunar samples, and return to earth ahead of the Apollo 11 astronauts.
--The Toronto Star printed a letter from William Inrig of Oakridges, who stated that "the great disappointment is that God and his word has been left out of ‘space’ programming." Harry J. Smith of Rockwood, a homing pigeon fancier, wrote to complain that the bylaw restricting a fancier to two pigeons was "a mean and vindictive measure."
--Marshall McLuhan celebrated his 58th birthday by telling Toronto Telegram columnist Roy Shields, "...Now since TV needs participation, the astronauts are not as important as the audience...thus they are absolute nobodies and they always will be." McLuhan admitted that he spent hours watching them walk on the moon and called it the greatest educational television show in history.
--Mrs. Mary Gogal, the manageress of Central Secretarial services, arrived at the clerk of the legislative assembly office in a floor-length Klondike dress to keep minutes for a meeting of the Electoral Boundaries Commission. She was told by legislative clerk William MacDonald, a member of the commission, that the dress wasn’t suitable for a meeting of that importance. It’s gross discrimination against Edmonton," said Mrs. Gogal, who said she had been assigned to the job by Office Overload. She intended to write to Premier Harry Strom.
A private secretary who has been in the field for 35 years, Mrs. Gogal said Mr. MacDonald referred to her dress as a "masquerade costume." "It’s a very sedate dress," she said. "It’s not the least bit extravagant." She said she was wearing a long checkered shirt, a cotton blouse, and a little bonnet. "It’s a replica of what girls in that era wore to the office." She said she refused to change the dress and did not get the assignment.
--1,100 cases of rum, worth $65,000, was stolen from a transport depot in the Ottawa suburb of Vanier.
--In Queenston, Ont., Brendan Gill, drama critic for The New Yorker, said that the American Medical Association "is one of the most evil unions in the United States today." He was a panelist at a seminar titled Are Doctors still Killing their Patients?. The seminar was held in connection with George Bernard Shaw’s Doctor’s Dilemma, which finished playing at the Shaw festival Sunday.
When asked whether doctors should prolong human life in certain circumstances, Gill replied that former President Dwight Eisenhower was "wickedly kept alive" in his last days. Institutionally, doctors have been anti-Semitic and anti-Negro, Mr. Gill said, and "have made pretensions to nobility." He said that doctors were making large sums of money, and adored fast cars and simple-minded pleasures.
--Rev. A.D. Williams King, 38, the only brother of Martin Luther King, Jr., was found dead in his backyard swimming pool in Atlanta by three of his children. He had come home late Sunday night and gone for a swim.
--the United States Parole Board decided that Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa wouldn’t be given a parole hearing until the U.S. Supreme Court had dealt with the appeal of his conviction on charges of fraud and conspiracy.
--Three gunmen, two of them wearing shirts with Pan American World Airways insignia, took about $600,000 in cash and $50,000 in jewels from a Pan American cargo terminal at Kennedy International Airport in New York, the second major robbery at the airport in nine days.
--David Threlfall, 26, of London, England, won L10,000 (about $26,000) as the result of a bet he had placed with a legal bookmaker in 1964. Threlfall had bet L10 at 1000-1 odds that man would land on the moon before 1971.
--A United Press International report from Birmingham, England quoted Rev. Ian Johnson of the New Church of Jerusalem as saying that some people would be disappointed unless Neil Armstrong found dwarfs on the moon. One teaching of the church was that the moon was peopled by dwarfs with "voices like thunder."
"The moon landing may possibly shake the faith of a very small minority in the authority of our prophet’s writings. Others are likely to say that finding no dwarfs will prove nothing, as the only claim is that they were there in the 18th Century. They might since have moved to another planet," Johnson said in a letter to parishioners.
The church, founded by admirers of philosopher Emmanuel Swedenborg, claimed to have about 4,000 members in Britain. Johnson said that finding or not finding dwarfs did not bother him. "I must confess to being almost indifferent."
--A report from Jerusalem stated that the moon walk had prompted the revision of an ancient Jewish prayer. The prayer asked God to preserve the Jew from harm "just as the moon is untouchable by man." General Schlomo Goren, chief chaplain of the Israeli Army, said that the prayer had been changed to "just as the moon is not touched by man."
--In the Turkish town of Berektli, Mustafa Algin, 62, heard a radio report of the moon walk, shouted, "Oh, Lord, this will be the end of the world!"--and then dropped dead.
Tuesday, July 22--according to the Ottawa Citizen, CBOT switchboard operators reported that during two days of televising from the moon, they received 800 calls, only two of which congratulated the CBC for its coverage of the moon mission. 62 callers expressed displeasure with the live telecast of the moon walk--with comments ranging from "Where’s Bonanza?" to "You’re carrying too much of that American rubbish." At CJOH, operators handled 144 calls. They reported that 100 callers were against the continuous coverage of the event. The remainder said the coverage was excellent and asked the station to continue it. Sunday night, viewers of the CTV station who disapproved of the telecast wanted Star Trek and The Johnny Cash Show, two regularly scheduled programs, returned to the air.
--The truck used to transport 1,100 cases of rum stolen from a Vanier, Ont. depot was found abandoned east of Montreal. It was suspected that the liquor had been dropped off to the Montreal underworld.
--Crime struck Edmonton’s Klondike Days as a wax figurehead of actor Steve McQueen, valued by Royal American Shows at $800, was stolen from the House of Wax at the exhibition grounds shortly before 1 A.M.
--In Toronto, officials of Canadian Pacific and Canadian National Telecommunications disputed a report that 24-hours-per-day telegraph service was on the way out in Canada. A spokesman for CNT said that in many cases where offices were closed at night, toll-free telephone links would be provided with larger offices. A CPT official said, "Business is heavier or just as heavy as it has ever been."
--Also in Toronto, Provincial Judge Peter Bolsby ruled that Denise Berling, 27, was not guilty of a criminal offense for showing obscene movies in her apartment, since the audiences were her friends, and she charged no admission.
--Teresa Ann Westmacott, 21, of Kingston, Ont., married U.S. draft-dodger William Lee Tate, 26, in a civil ceremony at the court house in Penticton, B.C. Tate, a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley, had crossed the border three years earlier and settled in Vancouver, where he met his future bride.
The casual ceremony featured no rings. The bride wore a beaded yellow blouse, white bell-bottom trousers, and sandals. The long-haired groom (wearing the kind of glasses made popular by John Lennon) was clad in a knee-length white shirt, corduroy pants, and sandals. The would-be best man, known only as Leonard, and wearing only a beaded headband, was barred from the ceremony by marriage commissioner T.S. Dalby, and howled in protest throughout from a spot outside the court house. Leonard was Teresa’s black crossbred spaniel.
--Evelyn Joseph, 18, from North Vancouver’s Capilano reserve, was named Indian Princess of Canada 1969 in Maliseet, N.B. She won $25 and two trips anywhere in the world.
--At the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced that the United States’ first earth-orbiting space station would be launched in 1972. The first two stages of a Saturn V rocket would orbit an unfuelled third stage outfitted on the ground with an Apollo Telescope Mount, a workshop designed to permit study of the moon and stars, to be launched in to a circular orbit 250 miles above earth.
--In Bulawayo, Rhodesia, the Rhodesian High Court sentenced witch doctor Timothy Ndholuvu, 38, to two years in prison for culpable homicide for attempting to cure an ailing woman by holding her head under water in a river. She drowned.
Wednesday, July 23--Air Canada was reporting that it had received 2,322 requests for bookings for flights to the moon: 1,350 from Ontario; 500 from Quebec; 226 from Winnipeg; 176 from Vancouver; 94 from Halifax; 75 from Saskatoon; 57 from Regina; 42 from Edmonton; and 28 from Calgary. 100 men had requested bookings for their mothers-in-law, and a Vancouver man requested a window seat and a kosher meal. The bookings were subject to the availability of equipment at the time; fares and dates were left open to future developments.
--In Houston, NASA awarded contracts for the design of a $3 billion earth-orbiting space lab for 12 scientists, and a $6 billion shuttle system.
--In Washington, D.C., the Federal Bureau of Investigation announced the arrest of nine people on charges of peddling obscene pictures across state lines; agents were still seeking three other suspects. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover said that the arrests in New York were the culmination of an extensive investigation in several states from New York to Nevada, and that the suspects had been involved in "interstate transportation of obscene photographs, including pictures of nude males and females engaged in both ‘perverted and natural sex acts.’" The operation also involved the peddling of filthy magazines and movies, the FBI said. The maximum penalty on conviction was five years in prison plus a $5000 fine for each offense.
--A buxom go-go girl in Detroit was fined $300 for violating a police regulation requiring dancers to wear pasties. Traffic Court Referee John Carney told Tyra Lea LaRue, in announcing his decision, "I find you guilty of driving with nothing on your bosoms." Mrs. LaRue, 5’10", 144 lbs., with a 41-28-42 figure, said she thought the regulation was "ridiculous," and her lawyer promised an appeal.
--Meanwhile, in Milwaukee, Carmen Perez, a member of the Flying Indians of Acapulco, bared her breasts for 23 seconds in an attempt to appease Aztec rain gods after a thunderstorm had forced cancellation of her matinee performance. Police had arrested her Tuesday on a charge of indecent exposure, but Circuit Court Judge Harvey Neelan issued a restraining order against the vice squad until he could review the controversy at a hearing on Thursday.
--Jack Patton, a service station operator in New Haven, Indiana, received two $10 bills from customers and another in change from a tavern, and then discovered that they all had the same serial number. Police said the ink could be rubbed off with a wet fingertip.
--Thor Heyerdahl and his crew arrived at Bridgetown, Barbados aboard the yacht Shenandoah, five days after deciding to abandon the papyrus craft Ra at Christiansted, St. Croix, V.I. Had they continued on the Ra, they probably would not have arrived at Bridgetown for at least another 20 days. The damaged Ra was abandoned to sail to South America alone.
--A 23-month-old girl in Resolven, Wales was drowned in a washing machine after her grandmother left her in order to hang clothes up to dry. Police said Rhian Carryn Davies climbed onto a chair and fell head first into the machine, which contained about a foot of water.
--In Scotland, the Loch Ness Monster acquired a mate. A 5-ton, 500-foot replica of what the real monster was supposed to look like was being towed across the loch for a movie, when it burst its air tanks and sank beneath the waves.
Thursday, July 24--The Ottawa Citizen printed the following letter from C.E. Reaume of Ottawa:
With man’s first steps on the moon, the next election for president of the United States should be a relatively easy one. Any one of the three men who have just accomplished the greatest feat ever attributed to man should without reservation be the next president of United States. Their ability to study and retain endless knowledge of the most complex nature would easily allow them to comprehend America’s far less complex system of government. In respect of their courage, this is indisputable as we have here on earth just witnessed with admiration. And if we speak of patriotism, there is little doubt that any of these men must love their country to the greatest possible measure. It seems to me a simple deduction to assume that any one of these men could not help but be the best president the United States may ever have, or at the very least compare with the greatest men who have held this office.
--In Madrid, delegates to the first international transplant symposium reached agreement on a new definition of death: "the moment when the brain ceases to perform its vital functions and fails to react to medical stimuli." The doctors rejected the proposal of defining death as the moment when the heart stops beating, because they felt a heart should be in good working order for a successful transplant.
The medical panel’s recommendation that death be defined in neurological terms was approved in a heated debate in the final session imposed by the doctors. The conclusion, announced Friday after Thursday night’s closing session, was far from unanimous, but it was expected to form the basis of new legislation in many countries.
--2 were dead, 18 missing, and 8 injured in the collision of a Norwegian tanker and a French passenger-cargo ship in the Mediterranean Sea of Toulon, France.
--30 were injured when an express train plowed into two empty freight cars blown into its path by a hurricane near Zamora, Spain.
--81,177 passed through the turnstiles at Klondike Days, the second-biggest one-day total in Edmonton Exhibition history. Total attendance with two days to go stood at 417,133, more than 32,000 ahead of 1968’s pace.