Thursday, July 9, 2009

General

--The cost of mailing a letter in Canada was 6c.

--A chocolate bar, a bag of potato chips, a phone call, and a newspaper each cost a dime.

--Comic books cost 15c; the latest issue of Mad magazine was 35c cheap; Mad paperbacks had recently increased in price from 50c to 60c.

--The price of record albums varied from place to place, but could be anywhere from $3.99-$5.76.

--Only Ontario and Quebec were on daylight time in Canada.

--Homosexual acts and abortion had been legalized in Canada just a few days earlier.

--No Canadian Football League stadium had artificial turf. Bryan Hall was in his fifth season as "Voice of the Eskimos" on CJCA in Edmonton.

--Northwest Territories license plates were rectangular, with black lettering on an orange background. The territorial crest was on the left side, and a metal tag with the last two digits of the current year was on the right side. Alberta license plates had gold lettering on a black background.

--If you were in the Northwest Territories, you were able to receive live coverage of the moon landing only by radio; the only television service was from 7 P.M.-11 P.M.--CBC, black and white, and seven days late.

--Although colour TV was no longer a novelty, a number of programs were still in black and white, including Take 30, Stampede Wrestling, and about half of CBC’s Canadian Football League telecasts.

--In Peanuts that week, Charlie Brown was heartbroken; the little red-haired girl moved away, and Charlie Brown hadn’t had the nerve to tell her how he felt about her.


Wednesday, July 16--in The Edmonton Journal, Woodward’s was advertising Westinghouse refrigerators for $349.95, portable dishwashers for $298.00, and deluxe 30" ranges for $279.95.


Thursday, July 17--The United States Department of Commerce reported that the economy continued to grow, but at a slower rate in the second quarter of 1969, while the high rate of inflation continued. More than half of the $16.4 billion rise in the Gross National Product represented higher prices.


Monday, July 21--Eaton’s was advertising men’s suits from $49.99-89.00. Men’s Florsheim shoes were selling for $22 per pair.


Wednesday, July 23--in The Edmonton Journal, Woodward’s was advertising the RCA Mark II Colour TV set for $749.95, and the RCA Solid State Stereo for $268.00.

--in the Ottawa Citizen, Freimans was advertising its August fur sale: Canadian Pastel Mink for $1,350 or $899; Labrador Otter for $1,000; Cape Seal for $700; Beaver for $650.

--The United States Department of Labor reported that consumer prices had risen substantially in June, bringing the annual trend in rising prices for the first six months of the year to 6.4%--its greatest level since 1951.


Thursday, July 24--in The Edmonton Journal, both Safeway and Loblaws were advertising steaks at $1.39/lb., and sirloin steaks at $1.19/lb.

Population

Dominion Bureau of Statistics estimates for June 1, 1969:
Canada--21,061,000
Alberta--1,561,000; Northwest Territories--32,000

Metropolitan areas: Montreal--2,553,000; Toronto--2,316,000; Vancouver--980,000; Winnipeg--534,000; Edmonton--437,000; Calgary--375,000.
Calgary’s growth from 1968-69 was estimated at 3.7%, the fastest growth rate in Canada. St. John’s was second (3.1%), and Edmonton third (3.0%). Calgary’s growth from 1966-69 was estimated at 13.3%, also the fastest in Canada, followed by Saskatoon (11.2%) and Edmonton (9.0%).


Thursday, July 17--the Dominion Bureau of Statistics announced that Canada’s birth rate last year (1968, that is) was the lowest in recorded history, at 17.6 per 1,000 people. Quebec had the country’s lowest rate at 16.3, Newfoundland the highest at 25.3. The total number of births in Canada in 1968 was 364,310, the lowest figure since 1948.

Politics, Government, Protest, and War

Canada
Federal
House of Commons: 153 Liberal (Pierre Elliott Trudeau, Prime Minister); 72 Progressive Conservative (Robert Stanfield, Leader of the Opposition); 22 NDP (Tommy Douglas, Leader); 14 Creditiste (Real Caouette, Leader); 2 independent; 1 vacancy.

Alberta: 15 P.C., 4 Liberal. Edmonton Centre--Steve Paproski (P.C.); Edmonton East--Bill Skoreyko (P.C.); Edmonton Strathcona--Hu Harries (Liberal); Edmonton West--Marcel Lambert (P.C.). Calgary Centre--Doug Harkness (P.C.); Calgary North--Eldon Woolliams (P.C.); Calgary South--Pat Mahoney (Liberal). Red Deer--Robert Thompson (P.C.).


Senate: 60 Liberal; 24 P.C.; 2 independent Liberal; 1 Liberal-Labour; 1 independent Conservative; 1 independent; 13 vacancies.

Alberta: Donald Cameron--Banff (independent Liberal); James Gladstone--Lethbridge (independent Conservative); Earl Hastings--Palliser-Foothills (Liberal); Harry Hays--Calgary (Liberal); Harper Prowse--Edmonton (Liberal); 1 vacancy.


Provincial and Territorial
Alberta: 55 Social Credit (Harry Strom, Premier); 7 P.C. (Peter Lougheed, Leader of the Opposition); 1 Liberal; 1 independent; 1 vacancy.

Edmonton and vicinity (including St. Albert, Leduc, Stony Plain); 11 S.C., 3 P.C. (Don Getty, Lou Hyndman, Bill Yurko).

British Columbia: 31 S.C. (W.A.C. Bennett, Premier); 17 NDP; 6 Liberal; 1 vacancy.

Saskatchewan: 34 Liberal (Ross Thatcher, Premier); 25 NDP
Manitoba: 28 NDP (Ed Schreyer, Premier); 22 P.C.; 4 Liberal; 1 Liberal-Democrat; 1 S.C.; 1 independent.

Ontario: 69 P.C. (John Robarts, Premier); 26 Liberal; 20 NDP; 1 Liberal-Labour.

Quebec: 55 Union Nationale (Jean-Jacques Bertrand, Premier); 46 Liberal; 3 independent; 2 Parti Quebecois (Rene Levesque, Jerome Proulx); 2 vacancies.

New Brunswick: 30 Liberal (Louis Robichaud, Premier); 27 P.C.

Nova Scotia: 41 P.C. (George Smith, Premier); 5 Liberal.

Prince Edward Island; 17 Liberal (Alex Campbell, Premier); 15 P.C.

Newfoundland: 36 Liberal (Joey Smallwood, Premier); 3 P.C.; 1 independent Liberal; 1 independent; 1 vacancy.

Yukon: James Smith, Commissioner
Northwest Territories: Stuart Hodgson, Commissioner

Governor-General of Canada: Roland Michener
Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta: Grant MacEwan

Mayor of Edmonton: Ivor Dent
Edmonton City Council: Morris Weinlos; James Bateman; Ed Leger; Una Evans; Cec Purves; Neil Crawford; Ken Newman; B.C. Tanner; Julia Kiniski; Terry Nugent; Kathleen McCallum; David C. Ward.

Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Canada: J.R. Cartwright

Wednesday, July 16--Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, on a brief tour of the west, visited Regina, and was met by 700 angry farmers. Two days earlier, Saskatchewan farmers had begun tractor demonstrations, displaying resentment at a current wheat price crisis and chronically declining farm incomes. 5,000 farmers and 2,500 tractors, from 40-50 localities, were protesting against lower farm prices and higher production costs. More than 100 tractors parked outside the Prime Minister’s hotel, and waited three hours before Trudeau appeared and delivered a thirty-minute speech. The heckling farmers called him such things as "stupid, stone-headed, a rich playboy, and a communist." Among the placards were those reading: "Riel was a Swinger--Look what it Got Him;" "Hustle Grain, Not Women;" "Our PET is a Pig;" "Trudeau is a Bum Steer;" and "Flour Power." At one point a woman exclaimed, "Good Lord, he’s completely nuts."

--In Calgary, Alberta Premier Harry Strom said that if the current round of friendly discussions between the federal and provincial governments did not produce results, "We will make a statement in regard to these matters."

--The British Columbia Civil Liberties Association issued a statement recommending changing section 167 of the Public Schools Act to abolish the opening of classes with a daily Bible reading and recitation of the Lord’s Prayer. According to the BCCLA, "compulsory observance of one religion in the public schools does violence to the rights of the non-Christian community."

--Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau said that he had no intention "to force [water] fluoridation on those who don’t want it."

--At Cape Kennedy, Florida, site of that morning’s Apollo 11 liftoff, U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew, who also headed up a Presidential committee on America’s long-range space goals, suggested Mars as the nation’s next space destination. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and fellow Democratic Senator Edward Kennedy responded by suggesting that earthly concerns such as hunger, housing, poverty, and education should take priority over space achievements as far as national goals and government spending were concerned.

--Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi forced the resignation from her cabinet of Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister Morarji Desai. The move came several days after Desai had joined a group of other Congress party bosses in an attempt to outmaneuver Mrs. Gandhi on the nomination of a party candidate for President of India.

--Honduras accepted a conditional ceasefire in her war with El Salvador, while El Salvador demanded that Honduran forces "surrender or be destroyed on the battlefield." Emigration from densely populated areas of El Salvador to sparsely populated areas of Honduras had created tension, but the immediate cause of the war was a disputed call by a Salvadoran official in a soccer game between the countries.


Thursday, July 17--The Hotel Fort Garry in Winnipeg was the site of the charter meeting of the National Indian Brotherhood. Manitoba Premier Ed Schreyer, who had taken office just two days earlier, addressed the meeting, promising to establish a task force in the autumn to investigate problems in northern Manitoba communities.

--Prime Minister Trudeau was in Saskatoon, where he received a more polite reception than he’d received in Regina the day before.

--Former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, on his way from Ottawa to Melfort, Sask., where he was to open a fair the next day, held a press conference at Winnipeg International Airport. Commenting on the current Prime Minister’s western tour, Diefenbaker said that Trudeau had told "western Canada to go to hell with his compliments...for the life of me, I don’t know why he came out here. I was sure he was going to make some arrangements for the present emergency. But there has been nothing." Wally Dennison of the Winnipeg Free Press quoted Diefenbaker as saying that Trudeau had told the farmers to grow less wheat, and that the government could do no more than it was doing. "That shows the complete disregard by the government of the seriousness of Canada’s position, with a billion bushels of wheat piled up, and with markets lost as never before."
Diefenbaker also suggested that Trudeau was wrong by telling the Commons, in effect, that Canada ought to be careful in asserting sovereignty over Arctic waterways because this might interfere with the nation’s shipping trade to China and across Canada’s north. Diefenbaker said it was understandable that the United States would challenge any assertions of Canadian sovereignty over Arctic waterways, since there was great mineral wealth to be gained.
Diefenbaker expected to spend the following week in Prince Albert, after his visit to Melfort.

--Quebec Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand said that there would be no provincial election in Quebec in 1969, and that the next election might not take place until 1971.

--Police in Youngstown, Ohio arrested 28 people and blanketed 10 blocks of a south side street with tear gas during the early hours in putting down race riots for the second straight night. Eight people were injured, with three buildings and four cars burned. Ohio Governor James A. Rhodes had sent in 150 National Guard personnel to protect police, with 300 more on standby. A 9 P.M.-5 A.M. curfew had also been ordered. Police said the violence resulted from a demonstration at a neighbourhood dairy store where 100 Negroes gathered to support a woman patron’s complaint that she had been kicked by the store’s owner several weeks before. Charges of assault and battery were pending against the store owner.

--El Salvador invaded Honduras, ending Wednesday’s temporary cease-fire of hostilities. El Salvador’s army was claiming 1,700 Honduran deaths, while admitting to 700 dead on its own side.


Friday, July 18--Prime Minister Trudeau’s western tour took him to Alberta; he was shown oil industry activity in Namao, and then visited the Lacombe Research Station. He later dined on barbecued filet mignon with Premier Harry Strom; the Premier used the occasion to request more federal money for the provinces.

--Replying to questions in the House of Commons, Acting Prime Minister Mitchell Sharp virtually ruled out the possibility of a federal holiday Monday in honour of the moon mission: "I think civil servants will rejoice just as much in the success of the astronauts at their desks as anywhere else."

--The charter meeting of the National Indian Brotherhood was in its second day at Winnipeg’s Hotel Fort Garry. Neither Harold Cardinal, president of the Indian Association of Alberta, nor David Ahenakew, president of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indians, would guarantee the safety of federal Indian Affairs Minister Jean Chretien or any other federal representatives, should they visit reserves in their respective provinces against the inhabitants’ wishes. Canadian Indian leaders were upset by the federal government’s stated plan to abolish special status for Indians.

--In Toronto, a crowd of more than 100, many of them Negroes, threw beer bottles and chanted Black Power slogans during an early-day battle with police. One man was taken to hospital unconscious, several policemen received minor injuries, and six people were arrested.
Metropolitan Toronto Police Superintendent James Morgan said there had been a series of incidents in the Alexandra Park area, and that Negroes and Portuguese had been fighting about girls in the urban renewal area. The trouble began when police found Ben Ameral, 23, beaten unconscious on a street. Police attempted to arrest suspects, but a crowd gathered, and Constable David Talbot was knocked unconscious with one punch.

--Also in Toronto, Joachim Foikis, Vancouver’s town fool, was convicted of causing a disturbance and was given the option of a $25 fine or five days in jail. He was charged May 31 in the Toronto hippie district of Yorkville after he shouted insults and obscenities at a policeman.

--North Vancouver district Mayor Ron Andrews criticized traffic control in effect during repair work on the Lions Gate Bridge, claiming that it took him 75 minutes to cross the bridge from Vancouver to the North Shore.

--Edmonton Journal movie reviewer Barry Westgate expressed his opinion on one of Edmonton’s most pressing issues--whether movie theatres would be able to open on Sundays:
So the Sunday movies issue has now come down to a plebiscite. Surprise, surprise! A few more than 2,000 people sign their names, and this year-next year-sometime-never we’ll all get to vote on whether or not Edmonton has grown enough to live with movies and entertainment on the Sabbath.
Sherwood Park and St. Albert have Sunday movies, Camrose has Sunday movies, and doubtless more of those smaller centres will follow suit while Edmonton sweats and dithers.
It’s a bad joke, a continuing charade of nonsense that has been going on and on and on until it is practically impossible to believe that this is 1969, and there are almost 500,000 supposedly competent souls in the city.
Sunday movies! The way the authorities have been handling the matter you’d think the issue was enough to open the
earth under us...instead of being a little something that ought to have happened years ago, when the world grew up.
What is there to say to defend a preposterous situation? Now that a petition (it was inevitable) has forced a postponement of the issue, and a plebiscite on it later in the year, the city once again wears its yokel weeds.


--The "National Revolutionary Conference for a United Front against Fascism" began three days of meetings in the Oakland Auditorium. The conference began more than an hour late because Black Panthers and members of their women’s auxiliary wing, acting as security personnel, searched those entering. Observers estimated that 80% of the approximately 10,000 delegates were not black. In addition to the Black Panthers, Students for a Democratic Society and Third Liberation Front were well represented.
Black Panthers’ cofounder Bobby Seale spoke of the law of the billy club and the service revolver ("It is necessary that people learn of this reign of terror"), and urged "a really united front against fascism which exists in America today...[From this conference will emerge] 150 committees across the country to fight fascism."

--The strike of nonprofessional hospital workers in Charleston, South Carolina ended after 113 days, having brought organized labour and the civil rights movement together for the first time.

--The African separation movement in the three southern Sudanese provinces of Equatoria, Upper Nile, and Bahr el Ghazal announced the formation of a new military-led government, and declared that as of July 18, the southern Sudan had been renamed the independent state of Anyidi. The more extreme wing of southern leadership backed the Anya Nya movement, demanding total secession and independence from the "Arab-dominated north," rejecting the previous month’s offer of autonomy, an offer which had come from Sudan’s new revolutionary council, which had taken power in Khartoum in a military coup. Anya Nya’s Commander-in-Chief was 59-year-old Major-General Emidio Tafeng Lodongi.

--Knowledgeable sources disclosed that the United States had for many years deployed artillery shells and bombs loaded with lethal nerve gases to major military bases around the world. The deployment of the gases was made known after a report that 25 American soldiers were hospitalized following an accident involving nerve gas on Okinawa. The report indicating stockpiled nerve gases on Okinawa let loose a storm of protest in Japan and Okinawa, which the Japanese wanted treturned to their control.

--A ceasefire was reached in the Soccer War between El Salvador and Honduras. Under the terms of the ceasefire, El Salvador’s troops were to withdraw from Honduras by no later than the following Tuesday.


Saturday, July 19--Prime Minister Trudeau received a warm reception in Taber and Lethbridge. In Lethbridge, he was greeted by Canada’s Dairy Queen, Shirley Clarke of Namao, and Dairy Princess Anne Wearmouth of Cochrane, but declined their invitation to demonstrate his skill at cow-milking.

--The charter meeting of the National Indian Brotherhood wrapped up at the Hotel Fort Garry in Winnipeg. A proposal from Saskatchewan leaders received unanimous support, asking the federal government to finance a committee (to be composed of NIB members) to investigate all areas of Indian rights. NIB president Walter Dieter (who was reelected to his position) said it was evident that federal Indian policy was unacceptable to any Indian populations in Canada, and that all provincial Indian leaders agreed in their refusal to meet with Indian Affairs Minister Jean Chretien or other federal officials until they had completed their own studies and proposals.

--300 Indians and whites took part in the 42nd annual Indian Defense League of America free border crossing from the American side of Niagara Falls to the Canadian side, across Whirlpool Bridge. The march symbolized free border crossing rights (including duty exemption) given to Indians on both sides of the border by the Jay Treaty of 1794 (the treaty was never ratified by the Canadian Parliament, as it was generally believed to have been abrogated by the War of 1812). 86-year-old Chief Clinton Rickard of the Tuscarora nation, a founder of the I.D.L., was honoured with a citation from Niagara University.

--Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi announced that the government had nationalized the country’s 14 largest banks, in order to keep control of the banks out of the hands of India’s business giants and to put more credit into the hands of farmers, artisans, and other self-employed people.

--Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts reported to police, nine hours after driving off a bridge into a pond on Chappaquiddick Island, off Martha’s Vineyard, an accident that took the life of Kennedy’s passenger, a 28-year-old Washington secretary named Mary Jo Kopechne.

--It was the second day of the National Revolutionary Conference for a United Front against Fascism in Oakland, California. Several punches were thrown as Black Panthers and members of Students for a Democratic Society ejected about 40 members of the Red-China oriented Progressive Labor Party from a meeting in De Fremery Park, in the heart of Oakland’s black neighbourhood. Bill Ayers, an SDS officer, said the disturbance began when a PLP member threw a punch at SDS national secretary Mark Rudd. The PLP, which included many Negroes, called the Black Panthers revisionists and opportunists rather than revolutionaries. Approximately 2,000 people attended the meeting in the park.


Sunday, July 20
--in Port Colborne, Ontario, three were arrested following a fight between 150 demonstrators protesting against having to pay to see the beachfront, and employees of the nearby privately-owned Sherkston Beaches. No serious injuries resulted from the fracas. Groups participating in the protest included New Democrat Youth of the Niagara area, Niagara Youth Project, and the Association for Preservation of Eastern Erie Lakefront (APEEL). Rev. Robert Wright of All People’s United Church, Welland, the president of APEEL, said that such demonstrations had to continue because the Ontario government was doing nothing about its announcement that public park land should be developed along the Lake Erie shore. The fee that they were protesting against was $1.25 per person, with children under 12 admitted free. The youngest of those arrested was 16-year-old Peter Kormos.

--Heavy fighting erupted along the entire Suez Canal as Israeli jets struck Egyptian missile bases, antiaircraft positions, and artillery. Egypt accused Israel of launching "complete warfare" by land, sea, and air. Egypt claimed to have shot down 19 Israeli aircraft while losing only one of her own; Israel claimed to have shot down five Egyptian aircraft while losing only two of her own. It was the first air assault against Egyptian ground installations since the Six-Day War of 1967.

--Officials from the Organization of American States flew to various fronts to supervise the ceasefire in the Soccer War between El Salvador and Honduras.

--General Earle G. Wheeler, chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, ending a four-day fact-finding tour of South Vietnam for President Richard Nixon, said that there was no indication that the current lull in enemy activity was a peace signal. Gen. Wheeler also said that the American tactic of relentlessly pursuing the enemy remained unchanged and that he fully approved of that style of fighting.

--Katherine Anne Warnes, 20, of Arnchiffe, New South Wales, was killed by a stray bullet as she sang at a U.S. Marine NCO’s club near Da Nang. She was singing her final number when a shot came through a partition and killed her. Miss Warnes was performing with an Australian troupe before an audience of about 75. An official of the agency which handled her bookings said she was advised not to go to Vietnam because the trip was too dangerous, but she decided to go because her boyfriend was in the group. "They were going to become engaged."


Monday, July 21
--The Globe and Mail reported that the federal External Affairs department had announced that it was sending a first installment of $25,000 to the provisional secretariat of La Francophonie, which had been founded in February. The provisional secretariat was headed by Montreal journalist Jean-Marc Leger.

--In the House of Commons, External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp announced that he had publicly rejected an attempt by mainland China to have Canada recognize China’s sovereignty over Taiwan as part of the deal for Canada’s diplomatic recognition of China.

--Liberal MP David Anderson (Esquimalt-Saanich) introduced a private member’s bill to require detergents sold in Canada to be the kind that did not contribute lasting pollution.

--Postmaster General Eric Kierans announced that the Montreal management consulting firm Samson, Belair, Riddell, Stead Inc. had been selected to design a permanent public address postal coding system. The report, scheduled for completion by early November, was to include the design of a national postal code and a plan for its introduction, implementation and maintenance. Kierans stated that if accepted, the national postal code would be introduced as soon as possible.

--In Victoria, British Columbia Premier W.A.C. Bennett called a provincial election for August 27. In Terrace, provincial N.D.P. leader Tom Berger referred to Bennett’s attack on the N.D.P. as a hysterical outburst by a pathetic old man clinging desperately to office.

--Former University of New Brunswick professor Norman Strax pleaded not guilty in Fredericton on charges of assaulting and obstructing police officers; he was freed on $700 bail and ordered to appear for trial July 31. The charges were laid following an incident Sunday at the Fredericton police station when officers were arresting another city resident on an intoxication charge. Dr. Strax asked the court how he could lay countercharges against the police officers, and was advised to contact the Crown Prosecutor.

--Red Deer City Council approved a bylaw permitting movie theatres to be open on Sundays. The vote came five days after Red Deer County Council approved a similar bylaw.

--Police in Columbus, Ohio reported one dead, 25 injured, and 130 arrested in rioting that apparently was started by the fatal shooting of a Negro man Monday afternoon. Roy Beasley, 27, was shot to death in a dry-cleaning shop in what police said was the culmination of a neighbourhood dispute. The white shop manager, Dave E. Shesnut, 69, was arrested and charged with second degree murder.

--Lillie B. Allen, 27, of Aiken, S.C., was fatally hit by sniper fire as she stood by her car in a troubled area of York, Pennsylvania. Four others were injured in the fifth day of sporadic shootings. Gov. Raymond P. Shafe ordered 200 National Guard personnel into armories in York and nearby Columbia at the request of Mayor John Snyder. There were also 67 state troopers on hand to assist 70 York police officers on duty.
Police Captain Russell Koontz said the trouble began last Thursday when a Negro youth accidentally set himself afire while playing with lighter fluid and reported falsely that a gang of white youths had burned him. Since then, 37 had been injured, and 36 arrested.

--Former United States Vice-President Hubert Humphrey met Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin in Moscow. According to Humphrey,
He wanted me to tell the President and the American people that the Soviet Union wants to work with the United States for peace...very complimentary about Apollo 11...I have the impression the Russians are ready to talk on arms control...

--Prince Charles, addressing the London Welsh Association, urged the British Parliament to pass anti-pollution laws:
My objective is to be alarmist and to say that there is a very small line between extinction and survival--and this applies to the country as well--and that legislation should be enacted now and not vaguely in the future.

--Police in Nairobi charged Nashashon Isaac Njenga Njoroge with the July 5 assassination of Tom Mboya, Kenya’s Minister of Economics and Development. The accused was a member of the Kikuyu tribe, the dominant tribe in Kenya, and rival to Mboya’s Luo tribe.

--The United States administration of President Richard Nixon lifted certain travel and trade restrictions to ease the long-standing American policy of isolating Communist China.


Tuesday, July 22
--Second-year arts student John Cherrington, president of the University of British Columbia debating society, told an audience of 100 at the Vancouver Rotary Club that university administrators should become more concerned with protecting university property and assuring an uninterrupted education for the majority of students wanting to study. Cherrington accused university administrators of being far too tolerant of minority student unrest, and that they should kick out the rabble-rousers instead of giving in to radical demands: "When individuals use a university as a tool for their own ideology, and infringe on the welfare of students, they have no right to attend and the community and university should expel them."

--Canon M.P. Wilkinson, associate secretary of the Canadian Council of Churches, and chairman of Lord’s Day Alliance of Canada, met with representatives of large chain stores and urged Ontario Attorney General Arthur Wishart to crack down on small grocery stores (such as Mac’s Milk and Becker’s) that opened on Sundays. Representatives from Dominion and Food City expressed agreement with Williamson, while a representative from Steinberg’s, also at the meeting, said nothing.
Rev. Alfred Fowlie, a Unitarian clergyman, disagreed, describing the alliance of churches and supermarkets as "a little bit ridiculous." "Thank God for Mac’s Milk being open on Sunday," he said.

--The always accurate and up-to-date government of the Northwest Territories issued a press release stating, "The labor standards ordinance...came into force in the Northwest Territories on July 1, 1968."

--In New York, the Student Non-violent Co-ordinating Committee announced that it had dropped "non-violent" from its name and had put H. Rap Brown back in charge. The new name was Student Natioal Co-ordinating Committee--still SNCC. Brown, 25, and Muhammad Hunt, identified as the head of SNCC’s new Revolutionary Political Council, appeared at a news conference in Holy Apostles Episcopal Church. SNCC, said Brown, would "no longer be hindered or hampered by ‘non-violent’ in the organization’s name."
Brown, appealing a five-year prison sentence for violating the federal firearms act, told the news conference he had always believed that retaliatory violence was sometimes justified. But, he said, most blacks prefer other methods.

--In Columbus, Ohio, east side rioting continued, as 190 arrests were made (364 arrests since Monday), mostly for curfew violations. 1,200 National Guard personnel were on duty.

--in Washington, D.C., the Pentagon issued a call to draft 27,500 men for the U.S. Army and 1,500 for the Marine Corps in September.

--Tuesday marked the deadline for El Salvador’s troops to withdraw from Honduras in keeping with the terms of the July 18 ceasefire. El Salvador refused to withdraw, but there was no resumption of fighting in the Soccer War.

--Prince Juan Carlos of Bourbon received overwhelming approval from the Spanish parliament to become the future Spanish head of state. He was to succeed Generalissimo Francisco Franco, who presented the 31-year-old prince's name to the legislature, on Franco's death or incapacitation.


Wednesday, July 23--The Edmonton Journal printed, on page 3, the following, in small print, under the headline, "Sweden’s moral code in Edmonton?":
We feel that the explicit teaching of sex physiology, psychology and sociology, including the teaching of contraceptives in our local schools, which has been proposed by Edmonton’s Family Life Program would encourage a moral code similar to SWEDEN’S where sex is also taught explicitly in the schools. A
government study in Sweden has recently disclosed that 98% of the population there engage in what we in this country regard as illicit sex relations.
Those who want to express their views against this proposal should write to the Department of Curriculum, Edmonton School Board, 101 Street-107 Avenue, by September. Also we would appreciate your letter now. Write D.V.S. Box JD159, Edmonton Journal.

--in Burnaby, B.C., Simon Fraser University’s Board of Governors announced that the university would scrap its policy of having authoritarian department heads. Thomas Bottomore, former chairman of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology (PSA) said that faculty fanaticism and foolishness had brought the department to the brink of destruction, and that some professors were obsessed with politics and intolerant of opposition, and that they ignored intellectual standards.

--In Madrid, Prince Juan Carlos de Borbon, 31, officially accepted the nomination to become King of Spain and heir to Generalissimo Francisco Franco as head of state. The Prince’s announcement came the day after the Spanish Parliament had overwhelmingly approved his nomination.

--Oscar-winning actress Mercedes McCambridge was among those addressing U.S. Senate subcommittee hearings on alcoholism and narcotics.

--U.S. Senator Edward M. Kennedy’s driver’s license was suspended by Massachusetts motor vehicle registrar Richard McLaughlin, until a hearing could be held.


Thursday, July 24
--In the House of Commons, the Liberal government continued its effort to force through rules limiting Parliamentary debate. Opposition Leader Robert Stanfield commented, "When Caesar came back from the west, the word went out that all talk must stop." Finally, shortly after 1 A.M. Friday, Prime Minister Trudeau imposed closure. As they left the House an hour later, Progressive Conservative M.P.s shouted "Heil Hitler!" at Trudeau.

--The Canadian Catholic Organization for Development and Peace denied that its relief agency CARITAS had transported arms aboard planes carrying food and medicine to Biafra. The CCODP had contributed over $160,000 to Biafran relief.

--Egyptian and Israeli forces clashed along the Suez Canal in the heaviest fighting since 1967. Israel claimed to have shot down nine MiGs. Egyptian President Gamel Abdel Nasser said that Egypt would fight to regain all territory lost in the Six-Day War: "The Six-Day War is still on. It will become a two-year, three year, and four-year war."

--British lecturer Gerald Brooke arrived back in London after spending four years in a Soviet prison. Mr. Brooke had been arrested by the KGB in April 1965 for smuggling anti-Soviet leaflets; he was freed by the U.S.S.R. in exchange for the return of two Soviet spies.

--The Group of Ten (the leading Western nations), meeting in Paris, reached a monetary compromise aimed at creating the first internationally managed reserve unit, or "paper gold," intended to increase world liquidity and insure continued growth of world trade.

Entertainment

Music

Immortal song lyrics

Miniskirt, a string of beads,
A Nehru shirt, sunflower seeds,
And at her heels a puppy dog content to be a tagalong.
Ba da da da da da,
Ba da da da da da.
Ba da da da da da,
Ba da da da da da da.

--from Little Kids by Zager and Evans, the B-side of In the Year 2525.

Gliddy gloop gloopy,
Nibby nobby noopy,
La la la lo lo.
Sobba simmy sobba,
Nooby obba nobba,
Lay lay lo lo.
Dooby ooby walla,
Nooby obba dobba,
Early mornin’ singin’ song
.
--(spelling and pronunciation approximate) from Good Morning Starshine, one of several songs from the Broadway musical Hair to become hits. The song was a top five hit for Oliver and a minor chart entry for the Strawberry Alarm Clock.

The #1 single in the U.S.A. for July 19 was In the Year 2525 by Zager and Evans. It was that song's second week at #1. For the third straight week, the #1 single in the U.K. for July 19 was Something in the Air by Thunderclap Newman. The single was produced by Pete Townshend of The Who and came from the movie The Magic Christian.

Top Ten Songs--CJCA, Edmonton, July 18
1/In the Year 2525--Zager and Evans
2/The Ballad of John and Yoko--Beatles
3/Ruby, Don’t Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
4/Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells
5/Get Back--Beatles
6/Let Me--Paul Revere and the Raiders
7/Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orch. and Chorus
8/Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
9/Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces
10/Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival

Top Five Albums--CJCA, Edmonton, July 18
1/Crosby, Stills and Nash--Crosby, Stills and Nash
2/Brave New World--Steve Miller Blues Band
3/Led Zeppelin--Led Zeppelin
4/With a Little Help from my Friends--Joe Cocker
5/Everybody Knows this is Nowhere--Neil Young with Crazy Horse

Top Ten Songs--Glenn’s Music Store, Calgary, July 19
1/The Ballad of John and Yoko
2/Baby I Love You--Andy Kim
3/In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
4/In the Year 2525
5/Let Me
6/Hey Little Man--The 49th Parallel
7/Bad Moon Rising
8/One--Three Dog Night
9/Spring--John Tipton
10/Medicine Man (Part 1)
Pick of the Week/Crystal Blue Persuasion

Top Twenty-Five Songs--CKRC, Winnipeg, July 19
1/In the Year 2525
2/Baby I Love You
3/Crystal Blue Persuasion
4/Ruby, Don’t Take Your Love to Town
5/Along Came Jones--Ray Stevens
6/My Pledge of Love--Joe Jeffrey Group
7/Good Old Rock and Roll--Cat Mother and the All Night News Boys
8/Laughing--Guess Who
9/Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat and Tears
10/What does it Take (To Win Your Love)--Junior Walker and the All-Stars
11/Moonflight--Vik Venus
12/Sweet Caroline--Neil Diamond
13/Moody Woman--Jerry Butler
14/Israelites
15/With Pen in Hand--Vikki Carr
16/Quentin’s Theme--The Charles Randolph Greane Sounde
17/In the Ghetto
18/Good Morning Starshine--Oliver
19/Put a Little Love in Your Heart--Jackie De Shannon
20/Color Him Father--Winstons
21/My Sentimental Friend--Herman’s Hermits
22/Sugar Sugar--Archies
23/Polk Salad Annie--Tony Joe White
24/The Girl I’ll Never Know--Frankie Valli
25/But it’s All Right--J.J. Jackson
Pick of the Week/Marrakesh Express--Crosby, Stills and Nash

Top Twenty Songs--Ottawa, July 18
1/In the Year 2525
2/Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet
3/Ruby, Don’t Take your Love to Town
4/The Ballad of John and Yoko
5/Spinning Wheel
6/Good Morning Starshine
7/Good Old Rock and Roll
8/Sweet Caroline
9/Baby I Love You
10/One
11/In the Ghetto
12/Polk Salad Annie
13/Quentin’s Theme
14/Crystal Blue Persuasion
15/Don’t Wake Me Up in the Morning, Michael--Peppermint Rainbow
16/Theme from "A Summer Place"--Ventures
17/The Days of Sand and Shovels--Bobby Vinton
18/Laughing
19/My Pledge of Love
20/My Sentimental Friend

Blind Faith, a British "supergroup" consisting of Eric Clapton (formerly of the Yardbirds and Cream), Ginger Baker (formerly of Cream), Steve Winwood (formerly of the Spencer Davis Group and Traffic) and Rick Grech (formerly of Family) performed at Toronto’s Varsity Stadium on Friday, July 18; ticket prices ranged from $3.50-$5.50. Jack Batten, then the rock critic for The Toronto Star, reported that warmup act Delaney and Bonnie and Friends stole the show, and that Bonnie Bramlett had "the sweetest figure seen on a Toronto stage in decades." Batten was less enthusiastic about the headline act:
Blind Faith, for their part, seemed to demonstrate in their hour-long set that the nearer mainstream rock approaches art, the more bloodless, less human and further removed from felt emotion it becomes.
...they produced, in short, music without surprises. Part of the trouble was Ginger Baker’s drumming. In all of rock there can hardly exist a more stiff, unmusical drummer. And what’s worse, he’s pretentious. All that gaudy battery of equipment, all those five microphones surrounding him, including two nestled up against his bass drums--and he lacks even the rudimentary talent to bring the band together in a rhythmic groove...Blind Faith boasts all the brilliance it can stand in Clapton and Winwood but off last night’s show, it lacks the defining personality. And that’s fatal.

Toronto was preparing for the Mariposa Folk Festival, scheduled for July 25-27. A festival-goer could purchase a three-day pass for $12.50, and see Joan Baez, Joni Mitchell, Bruce Cockburn, Ian and Sylvia, Gilles Vigneault, John Allan Cameron, and Taj Mahal. Also in Toronto, the Diamonds began an engagement at the Town and Country Palace on July 21, the same evening that Billy Stewart and his Soul Revue opened at Le Coq d’Or, a Yonge Street establishment that advertised "Topless Psychedelic Dancers."

In Montreal, Sam and Dave were performing at Man and his World from July 19-21. Ginette Reno and the Montreal Symphony Orchestra (conducted by Boris Brott) were at Place Des Arts on July 22-23. Count Basie and his Orchestra began an engagement at the Esquire Showbar on July 21. The All-American Cafe, at 1235 Dorchester W., advertised "Montreal’s Most Beautiful Dancing Waitresses."

In Ottawa, Joan Sutherland was performing at the National Arts Centre on July 20, and interrupted her concert to announce that the moon landing had just taken place. Ginette Reno, fresh from her Montreal performances, was at the NAC on the 24th.

James Brown put on two shows at Vancouver’s Queen Elizabeth Theatre on July 18, with his entire all-star revue, including the "JB dancers, singing sensation Marva Whitney, a large 14-piece orchestra, comedian Clay Tyson, and go go girls." Tickets could be had for $4 or $5. Harry Belafonte occupied that venue from July 21-26. His show featured a company of 20, and a 25-piece orchestra. According to Jack Richards in the July 22 Vancouver Sun:
It was still a relaxed, easy Belafonte--one who seemed to enjoy the audience as much as it enjoyed him. The anger and drive of the former Belafonte was not there. It was replaced by a thoroughly professional, smooth entertainer doing what he does best with that husky voice and the flashing smile. But this was what [the overflow crowd of 2,800] had waited for and Belafonte didn’t disappoint.
...[18-year-old] Patti Austin, his new protégé, a little girl with a big, big voice, received a fine ovation.

Also in Vancouver, Anthony Newley ended his engagement at The Cave on the 19th; Al Martino began his run there on the 23rd. Earl Grant closed his engagement at Isy’s on the 19th.

In Edmonton, Starfest ’69, Klondike Days’ first attempt at moving the main grandstand show indoors, opened at the Edmonton Gardens with John Davidson as the headline act from July 17-19. Barry Westgate was at the first of Thursday’s two shows, and reviewed it for the July 18 Edmonton Journal:
For 30 minutes as the climax to a very pleasantly entertaining show he turned in the kind of star-guy effort that television obviously hasn’t been able to handle. It was a good show, almost all the way...played very successfully to a meagre audience of not much more than 1,200. It’ll get better, and
audiences will get bigger, just as soon as the word goes out.

After a quiet Sunday and three days of Rowan and Martin, two acts shared the bill at Starfest ’69 from July 22-24: Tommy Hunter and the Baja Marimba Band.

Bobby Curtola was back in Edmonton for Klondike Days, and was the featured attraction at The Penthouse, the supper club at the Sheraton Caravan. According to the Journal’s Bob Harvey on July 18:
Curtola’s as hot as he ever was but instead of being Canada’s highest-paid teen entertainer, he’s now Canada’s highest-paid club performer. Girls no longer faint when he belts out a song, or hide under his bed, or in his shower. Now it’s married women who follow him...There are still 750,000 card-carrying Bobby Curtola Fan Club members in the country...

A few blocks away, former Broadway star Anna Maria Alberghetti was performing at the Chateau Lacombe’s Bonanza Room for the duration of Klondike Days. She said she had cut back on her career because her husband, television producer Claudio Guzman (I Dream of Jeannie) and her three-year-old daughter were more important. She seemed quite happy to have her husband’s career eclipse her own: "I don’t care how you slice it. If the woman is much bigger in what she does than her husband is, it does present problems."

The Canadian Magazine for July 19 contained a feature article about the new rock group Lighthouse, mentioning that $387,000 had been spent by RCA in promoting the group. Four other up-and-coming Canadian groups were also mentioned in the article: The Guess Who; Mother Tucker’s Yellow Duck (both from Winnipeg); Motherlode (from Toronto); and The Collectors (from Vancouver--a year later they changed their name to Chilliwack).

Roy Hamilton, one of the great voices in pop music and one of Elvis Presley's favourite singers, died at age 40 on July 20 in New Rochelle, New York, several months after suffering a stroke. Mr. Hamilton burst onto the scene with his version of You'll Never Walk Alone in 1954, and scored his biggest hit (#6 in Billboard) with Unchained Melody in 1955. Other notable hits included Don't Let Go (#13, 1958) and You Can Have Her (#12, 1961). Mr. Hamilton was one of the first artists to record in stereo, and albums such as With All My Love (1958) and Soft 'N' Warm (1960) make for excellent listening (not to mention good date music). Mr. Hamilton recorded a number of excellent singles that failed to achieve commercial success, including Time Marches On (1959), an early credit for the songwriting team of Neil Sedaka and Howard Greenfield.

At the movies
--Midnight Cowboy (Dustin Hoffman, Jon Voight); The Wild Bunch (William Holden, Ernest Borgnine, many others); Once Upon a Time in the West (Charles Bronson, Henry Fonda, many others); True Grit (John Wayne, Glen Campbell, Kim Darby); MacKenna’s Gold (Gregory Peck, Edward G. Robinson, many others); The Chairman (Gregory Peck, Anne Heywood); The Lost Man (Sidney Poitier, Joanna Shimkus); Goodbye, Columbus (Richard Benjamin, Ali MacGraw); Che! (Omar Sharif as Che Guevara, Jack Palance as Fidel Castro); Winning (Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Richard Thomas); Sweet Charity (Shirley MacLaine, Sammy Davis, Jr., many others); If it’s Tuesday, this Must be Belgium (Suzanne Pleshette, Ian McShane); The Maltese Bippy (Dan Rowan, Dick Martin); The Mad Room (Stella Stevens, Shelley Winters); If...(Malcolm McDowell); That Cold Day in the Park (Sandy Dennis, Michael Burns); Popi (Alan Arkin, Rita Moreno); The April Fools (Jack Lemmon, Catherine Deneuve); My Side of the Mountain (Ted Eccles, Theodore Bikel); Monterey Pop (documentary of the 1967 Monterey Pop Festival); The Gay Deceivers (Kevin Coughlin, Larry Casey).

--The Edmonton area was home to six drive-in theatres: Belmont, Golden West, St. Albert, Sherwood, Sky-Vue, and Starlite.

Midnight Cowboy opened nationally that week. According to Martin Knelman in the July 19 Toronto Star:
Whether or not this qualifies as cinematic art, it’s certainly socko journalism. I found much of Midnight Cowboy unpleasant not only for the material but for this style, but you have to see it if you want to be up-to-date on what’s happening because it’s the kind of movie that makes a big impression on people and keeps them talking for weeks.

That Cold Day in the Park, directed by Robert Altman, was reviewed by Gordon Stoneham in the Ottawa Citizen on July 22:
Presumably, it’s all meant to be a very pertinent and very meaningful comment on sexual hangups and contemporary attitudes, but, really, it’s a pretty awful and pretentious piece of junk--stale in its approach, sour in its eroticism, and tedious in the unfolding.

Che!, directed by Richard Fleischer, received universally bad reviews, one of them by Michael Kostelnuk in the July 19 Winnipeg Free Press:
...not even old Che deserves the kind of treatment he gets from Hollywood in Che!...Fleischer and his writers refrain from doing anything as interesting or challenging as actually interpreting the man. They avoid an artistic statement or commitment and instead give us a Guevara seen as a mystifyingly complicated freak no one was ever able to figure out, a sort of latter-day Lawrence of Arabia...Jack Palance, who plays the major role of Castro, is surprisingly bad. One would have thought that the flamboyant Fidel would have been right up Jarring Jack’s alley, but not so. Palance can only convey the richness and variety of one of the wildest oratorical talents of this century by wanly sawing the air with a cigar.
But it’s only fair to mention that the script gives Palance little help.

The day before, Kostelnuk had reviewed Jack Lemmon’s latest movie:
The April Fools...is a Hollywood film with a painted face, a dollar-sign mind and a hollow heart.

The Maltese Bippy was booked to play in Edmonton the same week Rowan and Martin were to appear live at Klondike Days. According to Barry Westgate in the July 19 Edmonton Journal:
Somebody obviously thought it was a bright idea to bring Rowan and Martin’s first movie to Edmonton to coincide with the twosome’s appearance here. Well, it wasn’t.
The Maltese Bippy isn’t a carbon copy of the stupendously successful television series, and it isn’t a version of the kind of show the comedians will be doing in The Gardens Monday through Wednesday. In fact, it isn’t really anything at all
apart from an attempted quick cash-in on the couple’s spectacular popularity.
Much more of this kind of stuff, though, and they’ll be cashing out of the movies before really getting started.

The Gay Deceivers was advertised as being "in absolutely divine color," and with the slogan, "Is He? Or Isn’t He? Only his draftboard and his girlfriend know for sure." According to Gordon Stoneham in the July 22 Ottawa Citizen, the movie was "plenty gay, but not very good."

Other entertainment

Saturday, July 19--in Los Angeles, Zubin Mehta, musical director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, married actress Nancy Kovack in two ceremonies. The first took place at Westwood Community Methodist Church. The second was a Zoroastrian ceremony at the Bel Air Hotel.


Monday, July 21--Dan Rowan and Dick Martin, riding the crest of popularity from their television show Laugh-In, performed two shows at the Edmonton Gardens as part of Klondike Days’ indoor grandstand show, Starfest ’69. Barry Westgate reviewed the show in Tuesday’s Edmonton Journal:
What was particularly pleasant...was the hilarious success of a couple of hoary old standup routines...Nowadays Rowan and Martin’s thing is Laugh-In and wherever possible this show is geared to that. That earlier career on the road as standup comics, they say, is over for good.
But for a time there Monday night they slipped back to those salad days...those two old-line routines very effectively climaxed an evening of fun and informality.
...series regular Dave Madden was heavily unfunny in his standup comedy routine, and altogether too purposefully
blue. When he was on, the show sagged badly. Yet when Alan Sues came up with a similar line of suggestive dialogue, it didn’t grate at all. Sues...is such a delightful oddball he could get away with saying almost anything. Henry Gibson did a couple of his patented poem-songs, complete with purple flower and choir boy coyness, and Ruth Buzzi was on and off in familiar frumpy demeanor.

Gerry Deagle, reviewing the same show for The Calgary Herald, saw it somewhat differently:
Risqué it is, a family show it isn’t...the R and M crew came on like an over-21 night club act, with off-colour jokes cutting the air with the unappealing subtlety of a jackhammer...It was sort of like the Laugh-In televised version being done in slow motion because, of course, it is impossible to do on stage the terrific number of cuts that are done on the television show.
The [Edmonton Exhibition Association] had hoped to make Klondike Days family entertainment, and in the process they
paid an undisclosed but rumoured to be sky-high price for the Rowan and Martin package.

Deagle reported the attendance as 3,083 for the first show, worse for the second show. Capacity in the Edmonton Gardens for such shows was about 7,500.

--In Toronto, the Royal Alexandra Theatre was staging a production of The Odd Couple through August 2, starring Hal March and Jackie Coogan.

--in South Africa, the July 21 episode of the Springbok Radio series The Challenge of Space was titled, appropriately, Moon Landing.

Sports

Major League Baseball

Wednesday, July 16--Before a crowd of 24,214 at Montreal's Jarry Park, the Pittsburgh Pirates scored three runs in the eighth inning and three more in the ninth to beat the expansion Montreal Expos 8-7. Dan McGinn (4-10) took the loss in relief of Mike Wegener. Former bullpen aces Dick Radatz and Elroy Face also saw action for the Expos. The Expos received home runs from Rusty Staub (his 13th of the season), Bob Bailey (7), Coco Laboy (11), and Adolfo Phillips (2). Willie Stargell hit his 13th homer of the season for the Pirates.

--The most important game of the day took place at Wrigley Field, where the New York Mets beat the Chicago Cubs 9-5 to draw to within 3½ games of the National League East Division-leading Cubs. The Mets had home runs from Tommie Agee (16), Al Weis (his second of the season, and second in as many days), and Art Shamsky (7). Cal Koonce (4-3) won in relief of Don Cardwell, while Ferguson Jenkins (12-7) took the loss.

--The National League’s other first-year team, the San Diego Padres, lost 4-3 to the Giants at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, as Gaylord Perry improved to 11-7. Jim Stewart hit 2nd and 3rd home runs of the season and Bobby Tolan added his 16th as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Atlanta Braves 10-7 at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Clete Boyer homered twice--his 10th and 11th of the season--for the Braves. Steve Carlton ran his record to 12-5 as his hometown St. Louis Cardinals shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 5-0 at Busch Memorial Stadium, and the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Houston Astros 3-2 at the Astrodome, with Claude Osteen (12-7) outduelling Larry Dierker (12-7).

--In the American League, Rod Carew tied a major league record with his seventh steal of home plate in one season as his Minnesota Twins beat the Chicago White Sox 9-8 in the first game of a doubleheader at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota. The Twins won the second game 6-3, as Jim Perry improved to 9-4.


Thursday, July 17--A three-run pinch homer by Kevin Collins, his second home run of the season, gave the Montreal Expos a 5-4 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 11,935 at Jarry Park in Montreal. Ty Cline, normally a reserve player, started at first base for the Expos and went 4 for 4, with two doubles. Don Shaw (2-5) was the winning pitcher; Jim Bunning (8-7) took the loss. Willie Stargell hit his 14th home run of the season for the Pirates.

--Bobby Bonds hit his 19th and 20th home runs of the season as the San Francisco Giants won a 14-13 slugfest over the visiting Los Angeles Dodgers at Candlestick Park.

--The Atlanta Braves, leading the National League West Division, hammered the hometown Cincinnati Reds 12-2 at Crosley Field, as Phil Niekro improved to 15-7. Pete Rose hit his tenth home run of the season for the Reds.


Friday, July 18--The New York Mets began a weekend series at Montreal’s Jarry Park with a 5-2 win over the Expos before a crowd of 23,507. The game featured three fights; in one of them, Expos’ catcher Ron Brand hit home plate umpire Billy Williams with a punch aimed at Mets’ outfielder Cleon Jones. Jerry Koosman (8-5) was the winning pitcher, Jerry Robertson (2-8) the loser.

--The Houston Astros scored four runs in the ninth inning to beat the hometown Cincinnati Reds 7-4 at Crosley Field. Houston second baseman Joe Morgan drove in the go-ahead run with a squeeze bunt, and later came around to score.

--Denny McLain (14-5) and his Detroit Tigers shut out the Indians 4-0 at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.


Saturday, July 19--Bill Stoneman (6-12) went the distance and struck out 10 as the Montreal Expos held on to beat the New York Mets 5-4 before 21,493 at Jarry Park in Montreal. Mets’ ace Tom Seaver (14-5) lasted just two innings, giving up four earned runs. Coco Laboy hit his 12th home run for the Expos.

--At Candlestick Park, the hometown San Francisco Giants edged arch rival Los Angeles Dodgers 5-4 as Juan Marichal improved his record to 13-4.

--The Oakland Athletics beat the California Angels 3-2 at Anaheim Stadium. Reggie Jackson hit his major league-leading 36th home run of the season in support of winning pitcher Blue Moon Odom, who improved to 14-3.

--In the International League, a knife-wielding gang took over the clubhouse at War Memorial Stadium in Buffalo during batting practice. The Bisons' game was postponed due to "threatening weather."


Sunday, July 20--The Montreal Expos and New York Mets clashed in one of several doubleheaders. 27,256 at Jarry Park in Montreal saw the Expos win the first game 3-2 on solo home runs by Mack Jones (his 16th of the season), Bob Bailey (8), and Bobby Wine (2). Gary Waslewski (2-3) was the winning pitcher, Gary Gentry (9-8) the loser. The Mets gained a split with a 4-3, 10-inning win in the second game, as reliever Jack DiLauro (1-3) picked up his first big league win. Elroy Face (4-2) took the loss in relief of Mike Wegener, who gave up just two earned runs in eight innings. Coco Laboy hit his 13th home run (and third his last six games) for the Expos.

--At Connie Mack Stadium, the Chicago Cubs took a pair from the hometown Philadelphia Phillies. Ferguson Jenkins (13-7) outduelled Grant Jackson (9-10) 1-0 in the opener, and Dick Selma improved to 10-4 as the Cubs won the second game 6-1.

--In a single game, Gaylord Perry hit his first major league home run and ran his record to 12-7 as the San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 7-3 at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Perry’s third-inning blast made a prophet of former Giants’ manager Alvin Dark, who, years earlier, had reportedly said, "There’ll be a man on the moon before [Perry] hits a home run." Mr. Perry’s homer occurred a few hours after the Eagle landed. Willie McCovey hit his National League-leading 30th home run of the season for the Giants. Claude Osteen (12-8) took the loss for the Dodgers.

--Jim, the other Perry brother, put in a long (and memorable) day’s work at Sick’s Stadium in Seattle. In the completion of a suspended game from the previous night, Perry came out of the bullpen to pitch the final two innings and double in the winning run as his Minnesota Twins defeated the expansion Seattle Pilots 11-7 in 18 innings. Another Twins’ starter, Jim Kaat, pitched from the 14th through the 16th inning before Perry came on and improved his record to 10-4. As if that wasn’t enough, Perry pitched a complete-game, nine-hit shutout in the regularly scheduled game, going to 11-4 as the Twins won 4-0.

--At Anaheim Stadium, the hometown California Angels beat the Oakland Athletics 7-3 in their doubleheader opener, handing newcomer Vida Blue (0-1) a loss in his major league debut. The Athletics won the second game 9-6. Reggie Jackson, leading the majors in home runs, hit his 37th of the season, and Sal Bando hit his 18th for the Athletics. Lew Krausse (5-4) was the winning pitcher.

--The Philadelphia Phillies reinstated first baseman Richie Allen after a 26-day suspension. The suspension cost Mr. Allen more than $11,000 of his reported $80,000 salary.

--in the minors, the Hawaii Islanders beat the Vancouver Mounties 6-1 in Pacific Coast League action in Honolulu, as former major leaguer Bo Belinsky gave up four hits and struck out eight in running his record to 10-5. The loss dropped the Mounties to 51-49, 8 games behind first place Tacoma in the PCL North Division.

May 17, 2016 update: See also The Major League Games that were played while Apollo 11 Landed on the Moon and

Did Max Patkin Perform for a Crowd of Four People and Other Things that Happened in Baseball the Day Apollo 11 Landed on the Moon.

Monday, July 21--At the All-Star break, the Baltimore Orioles owned the best record in major league baseball at 65-31, a .677 percentage. 1969 was the year that the leagues were divided into East and West divisions, and the Orioles led the American League East by 11 games over the Boston Red Sox, 11½ over the Detroit Tigers. The Minnesota Twins were four games ahead of the Oakland Athletics in the AL West. The Chicago Cubs were 4½ games ahead of the New York Mets in the National League East, while the expansion Montreal Expos were 28½ games behind the Cubs, with a record of 31-65 (a .323 percentage). The best race was in the NL West, where the Atlanta Braves were one game ahead of both the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Francisco Giants, 3½ ahead of the Cincinnati Reds, and 7 ahead of the Houston Astros. Reggie Jackson of the Oakland Athletics led the majors with 37 home runs, followed by Frank Howard of the Washington Senators with 34. Willie McCovey of the San Francisco Giants led the National League with 30 homers.

--in Washington, D.C., site of the major league All-Star game, the all-time all-star team was announced as part of the observation of the 100th anniversary of professional baseball. John McGraw was named the all-time manager, with Casey Stengel the "modern" manager. Outfield--Ty Cobb, Joe DiMaggio, Babe Ruth; Third Base--Pie Traynor; Shortstop--Honus Wagner; Second Base--Rogers Hornsby; First Base--Lou Gehrig; Catcher--Mickey Cochrane; Right-handed Pitcher--Walter Johnson; Left-handed Pitcher--Lefty Grove.
--The starting pitchers were announced for the All-Star game, scheduled for the following night. Mayo Smith of the Detroit Tigers, managing the American League, tapped Tigers’ ace Denny McLain. St. Louis Cardinals’ manager Red Schoendienst, guiding the National League, did likewise, announcing Steve Carlton of the Cardinals as his starter.


Tuesday, July 22--Hall of Famers Jackie Robinson and Bob Feller, in Washington for the All-Star game, engaged in a public disagreement over the lack of black major league managers and high-ranking club executives. The exchange was reported as follows:
Robinson: [Baseball] has made great strides over the years, but baseball ownership has not moved ahead with it. I think it’s a tragedy in view of the contributions black athletes have made to baseball.
Feller: I can understand what Jackie Robinson is saying, but I think he’s wrong. I don’t think anyone owes anyone anything. Professional baseball has done as much for the coloured players as they have done for baseball. I think baseball has done
more for underprivileged people, for minority groups, than
anything else. And I think the club owners deserve a great deal of credit. Ability alone is what should count--in the front office, too. I think there will be a Negro with that ability.
Robinson: I can see that Bob Feller hasn’t grown any from 1947 to today. He still has his head in the sand when it comes to race relations. But I don’t want to get in a hassle with him today.


--Rain forced the postponement of the All-Star game to 1:45 P.M. EDT the next day.


Wednesday, July 23--The National League won its seventh straight All-Star Game with a 9-3 win over the American League at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington, D.C. Willie McCovey of the San Francisco Giants led the NL attack with two home runs. Johnny Bench of the Cincinnati Reds hit one home run, and was robbed of another by a spectacular catch by Carl Yastrzemski of the Boston Red Sox. Hometown hero Frank Howard of the Washington Senators lived up to his nickname of "The Capital Punisher" with a 460-foot home run, but also made a costly error in left field. Bill Freehan of the Detroit Tigers also homered for the AL. National League starter Steve Carlton of the St. Louis Cardinals was the winning pitcher; American League starter Mel Stottlemyre of the New York Yankees took the loss. Denny McLain of the Detroit Tigers had been the scheduled AL starter, but flew to Detroit to keep a dental appointment (the game had been scheduled for Tuesday, but was postponed by rain). McLain arrived back in Washington in time to pitch the fourth inning, but by that time, the National League already had eight runs on the board. Blue Moon Odom of the Oakland Athletics was hit particularly hard, giving up five runs (four earned) on five hits in just 1/3 inning. Rusty Staub, the Montreal Expos’ sole representative, didn’t play, but did get to the on-deck circle in the 9th inning.

--The war of words between Bob Feller and Jackie Robinson continued. After publicly disagreeing in Washington the day before on the issue of major league management opportunities for blacks, Feller had phoned a New York Post reporter to say that friction between himself and Robinson had begun in 1946, when Robinson had delayed the start of an exhibition game by demanding too much money:
I was playing against Satchel Paige’s all-stars. Just before the game started, Robinson (who had been in Montreal earlier in the year) demanded three times as much money as anybody else.

On Wednesday, when Robinson saw the story, he sounded off to an Associated Press reporter:
It’s a damned lie, and I want you to quote me. This is just further proof that Feller hasn’t grown up in 23 years...In 1946 in Los Angeles I did play against Feller, but it wasn’t with Paige’s all-stars. And there was no dispute over money.

Feller repeated that it did happen. At a baseball clinic Wednesday, he said:
I can prove it. I had guys like Jim Hegan, Ralph Kiner, Mickey Vernon, Bob Lemon and Stan Musial on my club and 13,000 people were watching the game.


Thursday, July 24--The Atlanta Braves were outhomered by the Montreal Expos 4-3 but outscored them 9-6 before 10,467 at Atlanta Stadium. Hank Aaron’s 25th home run of the season was the 535th of his career, moving him past Jimmie Foxx into fourth place on the list, one behind Mickey Mantle. Willie Mays stood at 596 career homers, 118 behind Babe Ruth. Tony Gonzalez (8) and Orlando Cepeda (15) also homered for the Braves in support of starting pitcher Ron Reed (9-7). The Expos had two home runs from ex-Brave Mack Jones, giving him 18 on the season. Rusty Staub hit his 14th, and Jose Herrera hit his first major league home run. Starting pitcher Bill Stoneman was hit hard, but it was reliever Dick Radatz (0-2) who took the loss. Expos’ centre fielder Adolfo Phillips struck out four times, the second time in a week he’d managed that dubious achievement.

--At Shea Stadium, Tony Perez’s 23rd home run of the season off reliever Tug McGraw gave the visiting Cincinnati Reds a 4-3, 12-inning win over the New York Mets at Shea Stadium. The Reds also had homers from Bobby Tolan (his 19th) and starting pitcher Jim Merritt (his first big league home run). Donn Clendenon (6) and Cleon Jones (11) homered for the Mets.

--Catfish Hunter pitched the Oakland Athletics to a 2-1 win over the Washington Senators at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum giving up just four hits in improving his record to 9-7. Joe Coleman (8-7) took the loss for the Senators, whose only run came on Lee Maye’s fourth home run of the season.

--Ken Harrelson hit his 19th and 20th home runs of the season to lead the hometown Cleveland Indians to a 6-5 win over the Minnesota Twins at Municipal Stadium. Harmon Killebrew hit his 29th homer of the year for the Twins.

--Detroit Tigers’ pitcher Mickey Lolich sounded off to local sportswriter Pete Waldmeir, complaining that teammate Denny McLain had returned from the All-Star Game in Washington wihout taking Mr. and Mrs. Lolich along in his private jet:
He buzzed right out of here and left us. And all he says is that’s tough...that’s your problem. Denny pulled a crummy trick on me. McLain doesn’t think about his friends or teammates. All he thinks about is himself. And look, I want to see that in the papers. I’ve had enough of this stuff.

Later in the day, Lolich apparently changed his mind:
I know it’s great to sell papers, but I don’t want to aggravate Denny. It’s over and done with and I told Denny to forget it.

Lolich took out his frustrations at Tiger Stadium that night, stretching his record to 14-2 with a 3-1 win over the expansion Kansas City Royals. The Detroit runs came on solo home runs by Al Kaline (his 12th), Don Wert (6), and Tom Tresh (6). Wally Bunker (5-7) was the losing pitcher.

--Oakland Athletics’ owner Charles O. Finley confirmed a report that he would be willing to buy catcher Johnny Bench from the Cincinnati Reds for $1,000,000.


Canadian Football League

Wednesday, July 16--Two days after a 15-13 win in Ottawa, the Edmonton Eskimos edged the hometown Alouettes 20-18 at the Autostade before a sparse crowd estimated at 6,500-8,000 (the figure was unannounced). The win improved the Eskimos’ pre-season record to 2-1. Eskimo quarterback Corey Colehour threw touchdown passes of 75 and 26 yards, respectively, to rookie Mike Oslin. Thermus Butler rushed 38 yards for the other Eskimo TD. Dave Cutler, the Eskimos’ first choice in the 1969 Canadian College Draft, signed with the team several hours before game time, and was good on one of two convert attempts. Joe Petrone added the other convert. Carroll Williams and John Baker scored the Alouette touchdowns. With 16 seconds left in the game, Eskimo middle linebacker Jerry Griffin was knocked unconscious and swallowed his tongue after tackling Donnie Davis. Guard Steve Cotter was another Eskimo casualty, injuring his knee.
While the Alouettes were playing at the Autostade, the Expos were playing across town at Jarry Park. The American Football League’s career scoring leader, Gino Cappelletti, was at the game to help promote an upcoming pre-season game there between his Boston Patriots and the NFL’s Detroit Lions. The Patriots were looking for a place to play their home games (Fenway Park had just been ruled out), and Cappelletti, who had once played in the Ontario Rugby Football Union, said, "Who knows, maybe next year we’ll be the Montreal Patriots."


Thursday, July 17--Wally Gabler, Tom Wilkinson, and Frank Cosentino were all effective at quarterback for the Toronto Argonauts as they defeated the visiting Winnipeg Blue Bombers 39-14 in pre-season action before a crowd of 22,772 at C.N.E. Stadium. Holdovers John Schneider and Luther Selbo, and rookies Ron Johnson and Don Weiss, all saw action at quarterback for the Blue Bombers. The Argos received touchdowns from Dickie Moore, Mel Profit, Bill Symons, Dave Washington, and Jim Thorpe. Butch Pressley and Don Summers scored the Bomber TDs.


Friday, July 18--The Saskatchewan Roughriders edged the visiting Ottawa Rough Riders 6-5 in a pre-season game at Regina’s Taylor Field. The only touchdown came on a pass from Ron Lancaster to Hugh Campbell. Campbell caught 5 passes for 128 yards, while Lancaster completed 12 of 26 passes for 194 yards for Saskatchewan. Russ Jackson was good on just 7 of 15 passes for 95 yards for Ottawa.


Sunday, July 20--Dave Raimey, star running back of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, flew home from Hamilton after clashing with starting quarterback John Schneider on the practice field, where the Blue Bombers were preparing for the next night’s pre-season game against the Tiger-Cats. Head Coach Joe Zaleski was said to be unimpressed with Schneider’s pre-season performance so far, leading to rumors that the Bombers would make a trade with the Toronto Argonauts to acquire backup quarterback Tom Wilkinson.

--The visiting British Columbia Lions edged the Edmonton Eskimos 9-8 in a pre-season game before approximately 13,000 fans at Clarke Stadium. In a game whose second half was plagued by heavy rain and high winds, Ted Gerela’s 53-yard field goal late in the game gave the Lions the win; it was just his second successful kick in nine attempts. Rookie fullback Pinky Clements rushed one yard for the Eskimo touchdown; Dave Cutler converted, and punter Garry Lefebvre added a single. The Eskimos, playing their fourth game in eleven days, saw their pre-season record finish at 2-2.


Monday, July 21--The passing game accounted for all the touchdowns as the hometown Hamilton Tiger-Cats defeated the Winnipeg Blue Bombers 28-14 before 16,523 fans in a pre-season game at Civic Stadium. Joe Zuger, starting at quarterback for Hamilton, threw touchdown passes to Dave Fleming and Tommy-Joe Coffey, while backup John Eckman threw one to Neal Pettis. Winnipeg starter John Schneider connected on touchdown tosses to Ken Nielsen and Amos Van Pelt.

--The other pre-season game that night was at Calgary’s McMahon Stadium, where 17,909 saw the Toronto Argonauts beat the Stampeders 25-10. The big play was a 100-yard punt return for a touchdown by the Argos’ Mike Eben, with other Argonaut TDs coming from Wally Gabler and Dick Cohee. Gerry Shaw scored the lone Stampeder touchdown.


Tuesday, July 22--Four days after playing each other in Regina, the Ottawa Rough Riders and Saskatchewan Roughriders hooked up in another pre-season game. The rematch, in Ottawa’s Lansdowne Park, ended in a 39-8 win for Ottawa. Vic Washington rushed 9 times for 110 yards for the Rough Riders, and rookie Wayne Smith returned a fumble 79 yards for a touchdown. Ron Lancaster saw little action at quarterback for Saskatchewan, as backups Rick Cassata and Bubba Wyche went most of the way.

--the Winnipeg Free Press reported that after his Sunday practice field clash with John Schneider, Dave Raimey had been berated in a later meeting with Head Coach Joe Zaleski, prompting Raimey’s decision to return to Winnipeg. "All I want is to be respected and treated like a human being. I’m human, and not a machine, and want to be treated that way," said Raimey, who contended that Schneider, too, should have been reprimanded over the incident.


Wednesday, July 23-- Paul Brothers connected with Jim Young for a 97-yard touchdown pass with 1:35 remaining to give the B.C. Lions a 27-25 pre-season win over the Toronto Argonauts in front of 21,310 excited fans at Vancouver’s Empire Stadium. The Argonauts drove down the field in the last minute, but Tom Johansen missed a field goal attempt with six seconds left to end the threat.

--The Edmonton Eskimos sent offensive tackle Earl Edwards to the San Francisco 49ers in exchange for what Eskimo General Manager Norm Kimball called "immediate and long term player assistance."


Thursday, July 24--The Canadian Football League closed its pre-season schedule at the Autostade in Montreal, as the Alouettes upended the Saskatchewan Roughriders 27-21. Carroll Williams threw three touchdown passes for the Alouettes. George Reed rushed for two touchdowns for the Roughriders, whose other touchdown came on a 95-yard pass play from Ron Lancaster to rookie Bobby Thompson. Only about 6,000 people attended the game.

--Running back Dave Raimey returned to the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, four days after his practice field clash with quarterback John Schneider in Hamilton had brought about his hasty departure.


Other sports news

Thursday, July 17--In Toronto, Stafford Smythe and Harold Ballard were remanded without plea to September 11 when they appeared in court on charges of income tax evasion and making false or deceptive statements on income tax returns. Smythe and Ballard were accused of appropriating Maple Leaf Gardens’ money for personal use, including the upgrading of their homes.


Friday, July 18--Football Commissioner Pete Rozelle announced that New York Jets’ quarterback Joe Namath had ended his brief retirement, agreeing to sell his interest in the New York night spot Bachelors III. The restaurant was suspected of being a hangout for undesirables, including organized crime figures.


Saturday, July 19--In auto racing, Jackie Stewart of Scotland won the British Grand Prix, his fifth win of the year. Jackie Ickx of Belgium was second, followed by Bruce McLaren of New Zealand and Jochen Rindt of Austria.

--at Trenton, New Jersey, Mario Andretti edged out Wally Dallenbach to win a 200-mile United States Auto Club race. Ludwig Heimrath of Toronto was 14th, completing 105 of 134 laps.


Sunday, July 20--Glenn Pilipponi, 14, of Coquitlam, B.C., won the annual Nanaimo to Vancouver bathtub race, covering the 34 miles in 2 hours and 10 minutes. His tube, a fibreglass model mounted on a hydroplane shell, finished two minutes ahead of a similarly-designed craft driven by 14-year-old Brian Dorman of Wellington, B.C.

--in Philadelphia, Dave Hill won the Philadelphia Golf Classic on the first hole of a sudden-death playoff with Gay Brewer, Tommy Jacobs, and R.H. Sikes. The first place prize money of $30,000 moved Hill into the number one spot on the year’s money-winning list, with a total for the year of $129,000; it was his third win in his last four tournaments.

--the National Football League’s New York Giants obtained veteran quarterback Milt Plum from the Los Angeles Rams as backup insurance for Fran Tarkenton.


Monday, July 21--Henry Hight, owner of the Texas Football League’s San Antonio Toros, sent rookie running back O.J. Simpson a telegram offering him 80% of the net gate for eight home games, or a flat $15,000 per game for all 16 games (a total of $240,000). Simpson, drafted by the American Football League’s Buffalo Bills, had not yet signed with the Bills because of differences over money.


Thursday, July 24--Prime Minister Trudeau lit the Canada Summer Games torch on Parliament Hill. The torch, whose first carrier was 18-year-old Ottawa high school student Penny Werthner, was scheduled to arrive in Halifax on August 15, the day before the opening of the initial edition of the games.

--Across the Ottawa River, Yvon Kofloff defeated Abdullah the Butcher with a backbreaker in the third and deciding fall of their match at the Hull Arena.

--The first round of the Canadian Open golf tournament took place at Pinegrove Country Club in St. Luc, Quebec, near Montreal. Sam Snead led with a 5-under par 67, one stroke ahead of Chick Evans. Seven golfers shot 69, including Tony Jacklin, Roberto de Vicenzo, and the top Canadian, 25-year-old Vaughan Trapp of Victoria. Toronto’s Al Balding shot 70; those at 71 included Edmonton’s Fin Sorenson, Toronto’s George Knudson, and Montreal’s Ken Fulton.

--In Houston, federal judge Joe Ingraham resentenced Muhammad Ali (or, as he was often still referred to, Cassius Clay) to the same five years in prison and $10,000 fine he had assessed in June 1967 for refusing induction into the United States Army.

Elsewhere in the News

Thursday, July 17--The Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna XV, launched four days earlier, went into lunar orbit. There was no hint as to its mission.

--Klondike Days began in Edmonton with the customary parade. $130,000 worth of Klondike dollars, good as legal tender in Edmonton for the duration of K-Days, were minted. Another parade took place in southern Alberta as Banff Indian Days began, in celebration of its 80th anniversary.

--In Honolulu, after declaring the abominable snowman to be a myth, Sir Edmund Hillary said, "Of course, after I tell you this, someone will find him next week."

--In Washington, D.C., Dr. Jerome Levin of the National Institute of Mental Health told the U.S. Senate Small Business Monopoly Subcommittee that 67% of all psychotropics (drugs having their principal effect on mood, thought processes, or behaviour) prescribed in the United States went to women, compared with 60% for regular drugs. "Stimulants (82%) and anti-depressants (74%) are overwhelmingly ‘female drugs,’" he said. Stimulants were used mostly "during young adulthood," largely to suppress the appetite and help fat girls lose weight.
"Use of minor tranquilizers and anti-depressants is greatest in the age range 40 to 59," Levin said. Their use was linked with "disorders with stress components such as cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders," plus insomnia.

--The New York Times printed the following on page 43 under the headline, "A Correction":
On January 13, 1920, "Topics of the Times," an editorial-page feature of the New York Times, dismissed the notion that a rocket could function in a vacuum and commented on the ideas of Robert H. Goddard, the rocket pioneer, as follows: "That Professor Goddard, with his ‘chair’ in Clark College and the countenancing of the Smithsonian Institution, does not know the relation of action to reaction, and of the need to have something better than a vacuum against which to react--to say that would be absurd. Of course, he only seems to lack the knowledge ladled out daily in high schools."
Further investigation and experimentation have confirmed the
findings of Isaac Newton in the 17th Century and it is now definitely established that a rocket can function in a vacuum as
well as in an atmosphere. The Times regrets the error.


--Big Ben stopped at 2:51 P.M. in London, England. A parliamentary servant rushed in to investigate, and found two plasterers working behind the clock’s face; they had jammed a scaffolding board against a balancing weight. The hands began moving again at 4 P.M.


Friday, July 18--Constable Leonard Shakespeare was shot to death as he attempted to prevent a robbery in St. Boniface, becoming the first Manitoba policeman to be murdered on duty in 19 years.

--A couple in Edmonton spent $140 at the Klondike Days midway in attempting to win a stuffed dog. They pitched nickels, dimes, and quarters, and tossed balls and fired corks from air guns in running up the staggering tab. The following day the cab driver to whom they recounted their tale commented, "They should have gone to The Bay."

--Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl and his crew arrived at Christiansted, St. Croix, Virgin Islands, nearly two months after embarking from Morocco aboard the Ra, a boat made of papyrus reeds. The purpose of Heyerdahl’s voyage was to demonstrate the possibility that early Egyptians had travelled to South and Central America and influenced the development of the Inca and Aztec civilizations.
By the time the party arrived in Christiansted, the Ra was damaged to the extent that the crew decided to spend their nights on board the escort yacht Shenandoah. After initially deciding to terminate the voyage at Bridgetown, Barbados while spending the daytime hours aboard the Ra, Heyerdahl and his crew decided to abandon their craft. According to Heyerdahl, the fact that even a damaged papyrus boat could sail as far as it did, proved his voyage to be a success.

--Vatican sources said that St. Teresa of Avila had been confirmed as the first woman doctor (an ecclesiastical writer noted for learning and holiness) in the Roman Catholic Church.

Saturday, July 19--Police near Markham Township, Ont., used an air search in order to catch drag racers on Steele Ave., east of Highway 48. 18-year-old Michael Williamson of Agincourt and John Brokes, 20, of Scarborough, were charged with dangerous driving.

--University of Western Ontario student Kyra Ursula Haworth, 24, of Richmond Hill, Ont., was pulled to her death when she was snared by the cable of a sinking motorboat after a two-boat crash near Point Ideal, 20 miles south of Huntsville, Ont. Armour Garfield Maywood, 28, of Toronto, was taking Miss Haworth to her family’s cottage when they hit a boat driven by Ian Campbell of Willowdale. Mr. Maywood told police that he tried to hold her up, but she was snared by a cable from Mr. Campbell’s boat and pulled from his arms by the weight of Mr. Campbell’s sinking craft. Her body was recovered by provincial police scuba divers.

--Britisher John Fairfax paddled ashore at Hollywood Beach, Florida, becoming the first man to row across the Atlantic Ocean by himself. He had left the Canary Islands on January 20 aboard his 24-foot plywood boat Britannia, and rowed 4,000 miles in six months. Friends aboard a following yacht refused to take Fairfax in tow for the last few miles, instead urging him to keep going, prompting the unemployed, 31-year-old Fairfax to protest, "This is bloody stupid." When he hit the beach he scooped up a handful of white sand and said, "Here I am in America. What a beautiful land. Americans are wonderful." A spectator came up to him and said, "You’re a damned fool, you know." Fairfax replied, "That’s what the others have told me."
Fairfax’s girlfriend, 30-year-old Sylvia Marrett of London, had been on the yacht; when he landed, she ran out to greet him. They embraced in knee-deep water and then fell slowly backwards into the water. They later secluded themselves in a hotel room with a steak and a bottle of whiskey.

--At another beach in Florida, Miami Beach, 19-year-old Gloria Diaz of the Philippines was crowned Miss Universe. Miss Dominion of Canada, Jacquie Perrin of Ancaster, Ont., was not among the top 15 entrants.


Sunday, July 20--In Toronto, Jennifer Gail Tranquillity Palmer was born one minute after Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon. Peter John Apollo Magno was born shortly after.

--An 11-year-old girl in Woodstock, Ont. tried to call the moon collect because "the President just did it." She was unsuccessful.

--Dan Rowan and Dick Martin, accompanied by a number of supporting players, arrived in Edmonton the night before beginning a three-day engagement at Klondike Days. Their agent had asked for king-size beds for both star comedians, but the Chateau Lacombe didn’t have any. "We just don’t get a call for beds this size nowadays," said hotel manager K.E. MacKell, but he ordered two bought. Asked if they wanted the big beds for comfort, Martin said, "No. Sometimes you get a lot of people in a bed." The hotel wasn’t worried. "We will keep the beds for honeymooners," Mr. MacKell said.


Monday, July 21--Two hours before Eagle lifted off from the moon, the Soviet unmanned spacecraft Luna XV crashed on the moon, and went dead after four minutes of transmission back to earth, ending speculation that the spacecraft’s mission was to land, retrieve lunar samples, and return to earth ahead of the Apollo 11 astronauts.

--The Toronto Star printed a letter from William Inrig of Oakridges, who stated that "the great disappointment is that God and his word has been left out of ‘space’ programming." Harry J. Smith of Rockwood, a homing pigeon fancier, wrote to complain that the bylaw restricting a fancier to two pigeons was "a mean and vindictive measure."

--Marshall McLuhan celebrated his 58th birthday by telling Toronto Telegram columnist Roy Shields, "...Now since TV needs participation, the astronauts are not as important as the audience...thus they are absolute nobodies and they always will be." McLuhan admitted that he spent hours watching them walk on the moon and called it the greatest educational television show in history.

--Mrs. Mary Gogal, the manageress of Central Secretarial services, arrived at the clerk of the legislative assembly office in a floor-length Klondike dress to keep minutes for a meeting of the Electoral Boundaries Commission. She was told by legislative clerk William MacDonald, a member of the commission, that the dress wasn’t suitable for a meeting of that importance. It’s gross discrimination against Edmonton," said Mrs. Gogal, who said she had been assigned to the job by Office Overload. She intended to write to Premier Harry Strom.
A private secretary who has been in the field for 35 years, Mrs. Gogal said Mr. MacDonald referred to her dress as a "masquerade costume." "It’s a very sedate dress," she said. "It’s not the least bit extravagant." She said she was wearing a long checkered shirt, a cotton blouse, and a little bonnet. "It’s a replica of what girls in that era wore to the office." She said she refused to change the dress and did not get the assignment.

--1,100 cases of rum, worth $65,000, was stolen from a transport depot in the Ottawa suburb of Vanier.

--In Queenston, Ont., Brendan Gill, drama critic for The New Yorker, said that the American Medical Association "is one of the most evil unions in the United States today." He was a panelist at a seminar titled Are Doctors still Killing their Patients?. The seminar was held in connection with George Bernard Shaw’s Doctor’s Dilemma, which finished playing at the Shaw festival Sunday.
When asked whether doctors should prolong human life in certain circumstances, Gill replied that former President Dwight Eisenhower was "wickedly kept alive" in his last days. Institutionally, doctors have been anti-Semitic and anti-Negro, Mr. Gill said, and "have made pretensions to nobility." He said that doctors were making large sums of money, and adored fast cars and simple-minded pleasures.

--Rev. A.D. Williams King, 38, the only brother of Martin Luther King, Jr., was found dead in his backyard swimming pool in Atlanta by three of his children. He had come home late Sunday night and gone for a swim.

--the United States Parole Board decided that Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa wouldn’t be given a parole hearing until the U.S. Supreme Court had dealt with the appeal of his conviction on charges of fraud and conspiracy.

--Three gunmen, two of them wearing shirts with Pan American World Airways insignia, took about $600,000 in cash and $50,000 in jewels from a Pan American cargo terminal at Kennedy International Airport in New York, the second major robbery at the airport in nine days.

--David Threlfall, 26, of London, England, won L10,000 (about $26,000) as the result of a bet he had placed with a legal bookmaker in 1964. Threlfall had bet L10 at 1000-1 odds that man would land on the moon before 1971.

--A United Press International report from Birmingham, England quoted Rev. Ian Johnson of the New Church of Jerusalem as saying that some people would be disappointed unless Neil Armstrong found dwarfs on the moon. One teaching of the church was that the moon was peopled by dwarfs with "voices like thunder."
"The moon landing may possibly shake the faith of a very small minority in the authority of our prophet’s writings. Others are likely to say that finding no dwarfs will prove nothing, as the only claim is that they were there in the 18th Century. They might since have moved to another planet," Johnson said in a letter to parishioners.
The church, founded by admirers of philosopher Emmanuel Swedenborg, claimed to have about 4,000 members in Britain. Johnson said that finding or not finding dwarfs did not bother him. "I must confess to being almost indifferent."

--A report from Jerusalem stated that the moon walk had prompted the revision of an ancient Jewish prayer. The prayer asked God to preserve the Jew from harm "just as the moon is untouchable by man." General Schlomo Goren, chief chaplain of the Israeli Army, said that the prayer had been changed to "just as the moon is not touched by man."

--In the Turkish town of Berektli, Mustafa Algin, 62, heard a radio report of the moon walk, shouted, "Oh, Lord, this will be the end of the world!"--and then dropped dead.


Tuesday, July 22--according to the Ottawa Citizen, CBOT switchboard operators reported that during two days of televising from the moon, they received 800 calls, only two of which congratulated the CBC for its coverage of the moon mission. 62 callers expressed displeasure with the live telecast of the moon walk--with comments ranging from "Where’s Bonanza?" to "You’re carrying too much of that American rubbish." At CJOH, operators handled 144 calls. They reported that 100 callers were against the continuous coverage of the event. The remainder said the coverage was excellent and asked the station to continue it. Sunday night, viewers of the CTV station who disapproved of the telecast wanted Star Trek and The Johnny Cash Show, two regularly scheduled programs, returned to the air.

--The truck used to transport 1,100 cases of rum stolen from a Vanier, Ont. depot was found abandoned east of Montreal. It was suspected that the liquor had been dropped off to the Montreal underworld.

--Crime struck Edmonton’s Klondike Days as a wax figurehead of actor Steve McQueen, valued by Royal American Shows at $800, was stolen from the House of Wax at the exhibition grounds shortly before 1 A.M.

--In Toronto, officials of Canadian Pacific and Canadian National Telecommunications disputed a report that 24-hours-per-day telegraph service was on the way out in Canada. A spokesman for CNT said that in many cases where offices were closed at night, toll-free telephone links would be provided with larger offices. A CPT official said, "Business is heavier or just as heavy as it has ever been."

--Also in Toronto, Provincial Judge Peter Bolsby ruled that Denise Berling, 27, was not guilty of a criminal offense for showing obscene movies in her apartment, since the audiences were her friends, and she charged no admission.

--Teresa Ann Westmacott, 21, of Kingston, Ont., married U.S. draft-dodger William Lee Tate, 26, in a civil ceremony at the court house in Penticton, B.C. Tate, a graduate of the University of California at Berkeley, had crossed the border three years earlier and settled in Vancouver, where he met his future bride.
The casual ceremony featured no rings. The bride wore a beaded yellow blouse, white bell-bottom trousers, and sandals. The long-haired groom (wearing the kind of glasses made popular by John Lennon) was clad in a knee-length white shirt, corduroy pants, and sandals. The would-be best man, known only as Leonard, and wearing only a beaded headband, was barred from the ceremony by marriage commissioner T.S. Dalby, and howled in protest throughout from a spot outside the court house. Leonard was Teresa’s black crossbred spaniel.

--Evelyn Joseph, 18, from North Vancouver’s Capilano reserve, was named Indian Princess of Canada 1969 in Maliseet, N.B. She won $25 and two trips anywhere in the world.

--At the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration announced that the United States’ first earth-orbiting space station would be launched in 1972. The first two stages of a Saturn V rocket would orbit an unfuelled third stage outfitted on the ground with an Apollo Telescope Mount, a workshop designed to permit study of the moon and stars, to be launched in to a circular orbit 250 miles above earth.

--In Bulawayo, Rhodesia, the Rhodesian High Court sentenced witch doctor Timothy Ndholuvu, 38, to two years in prison for culpable homicide for attempting to cure an ailing woman by holding her head under water in a river. She drowned.


Wednesday, July 23--Air Canada was reporting that it had received 2,322 requests for bookings for flights to the moon: 1,350 from Ontario; 500 from Quebec; 226 from Winnipeg; 176 from Vancouver; 94 from Halifax; 75 from Saskatoon; 57 from Regina; 42 from Edmonton; and 28 from Calgary. 100 men had requested bookings for their mothers-in-law, and a Vancouver man requested a window seat and a kosher meal. The bookings were subject to the availability of equipment at the time; fares and dates were left open to future developments.

--In Houston, NASA awarded contracts for the design of a $3 billion earth-orbiting space lab for 12 scientists, and a $6 billion shuttle system.

--In Washington, D.C., the Federal Bureau of Investigation announced the arrest of nine people on charges of peddling obscene pictures across state lines; agents were still seeking three other suspects. FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover said that the arrests in New York were the culmination of an extensive investigation in several states from New York to Nevada, and that the suspects had been involved in "interstate transportation of obscene photographs, including pictures of nude males and females engaged in both ‘perverted and natural sex acts.’" The operation also involved the peddling of filthy magazines and movies, the FBI said. The maximum penalty on conviction was five years in prison plus a $5000 fine for each offense.

--A buxom go-go girl in Detroit was fined $300 for violating a police regulation requiring dancers to wear pasties. Traffic Court Referee John Carney told Tyra Lea LaRue, in announcing his decision, "I find you guilty of driving with nothing on your bosoms." Mrs. LaRue, 5’10", 144 lbs., with a 41-28-42 figure, said she thought the regulation was "ridiculous," and her lawyer promised an appeal.

--Meanwhile, in Milwaukee, Carmen Perez, a member of the Flying Indians of Acapulco, bared her breasts for 23 seconds in an attempt to appease Aztec rain gods after a thunderstorm had forced cancellation of her matinee performance. Police had arrested her Tuesday on a charge of indecent exposure, but Circuit Court Judge Harvey Neelan issued a restraining order against the vice squad until he could review the controversy at a hearing on Thursday.

--Jack Patton, a service station operator in New Haven, Indiana, received two $10 bills from customers and another in change from a tavern, and then discovered that they all had the same serial number. Police said the ink could be rubbed off with a wet fingertip.

--Thor Heyerdahl and his crew arrived at Bridgetown, Barbados aboard the yacht Shenandoah, five days after deciding to abandon the papyrus craft Ra at Christiansted, St. Croix, V.I. Had they continued on the Ra, they probably would not have arrived at Bridgetown for at least another 20 days. The damaged Ra was abandoned to sail to South America alone.

--A 23-month-old girl in Resolven, Wales was drowned in a washing machine after her grandmother left her in order to hang clothes up to dry. Police said Rhian Carryn Davies climbed onto a chair and fell head first into the machine, which contained about a foot of water.

--In Scotland, the Loch Ness Monster acquired a mate. A 5-ton, 500-foot replica of what the real monster was supposed to look like was being towed across the loch for a movie, when it burst its air tanks and sank beneath the waves.


Thursday, July 24--The Ottawa Citizen printed the following letter from C.E. Reaume of Ottawa:
With man’s first steps on the moon, the next election for president of the United States should be a relatively easy one. Any one of the three men who have just accomplished the greatest feat ever attributed to man should without reservation be the next president of United States. Their ability to study and retain endless knowledge of the most complex nature would easily allow them to comprehend America’s far less complex system of government. In respect of their courage, this is indisputable as we have here on earth just witnessed with admiration. And if we speak of patriotism, there is little doubt that any of these men must love their country to the greatest possible measure. It seems to me a simple deduction to assume that any one of these men could not help but be the best president the United States may ever have, or at the very least compare with the greatest men who have held this office.


--In Madrid, delegates to the first international transplant symposium reached agreement on a new definition of death: "the moment when the brain ceases to perform its vital functions and fails to react to medical stimuli." The doctors rejected the proposal of defining death as the moment when the heart stops beating, because they felt a heart should be in good working order for a successful transplant.
The medical panel’s recommendation that death be defined in neurological terms was approved in a heated debate in the final session imposed by the doctors. The conclusion, announced Friday after Thursday night’s closing session, was far from unanimous, but it was expected to form the basis of new legislation in many countries.

--2 were dead, 18 missing, and 8 injured in the collision of a Norwegian tanker and a French passenger-cargo ship in the Mediterranean Sea of Toulon, France.

--30 were injured when an express train plowed into two empty freight cars blown into its path by a hurricane near Zamora, Spain.

--81,177 passed through the turnstiles at Klondike Days, the second-biggest one-day total in Edmonton Exhibition history. Total attendance with two days to go stood at 417,133, more than 32,000 ahead of 1968’s pace.